(Abt 1593-)


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Sergeant Thomas BARBER, Sr


  • Born: 1616-1619, , , Holland, Netherlands
  • Christened: , Bedfordshire, England
  • Married: 7 Oct 1640, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
  • Died: 10 Sep 1662, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

   Other names for Jane were COGGINS and Joan.

   Ancestral File Number: 993X-36. User ID: 2305.

   General Notes:

Daughter of Dutch settler. Said to be first white woman to land in Connecticut.

Part of the Genealogy of the Barber Family
(Handwritten by ?Col Levi Barber vs Capt Levi Barber)
First Generation
Thomas Barber of Mildred Bradstreet England aged 21 years, sailed from London England, in March 1635 in the ship 'Christian' for America after taking the oath of Allegiance and Subservience, resided in Dorchester Massachusetts afterwards in Windsor Connecticut, was engaged in teh Pequot war under Stoughton, his wife's name Jane, who with her husband both died in 1662. Thomas and Jane had 6 children...

Lucy Mayberry BARBER Cole, Dictated by her father Capt Levi BARBER, and copied by her great grand daughter Linda Jean ENGLE Lackore Summer 2000:
"The first settlers of Simsbury Connecticut came from Windsor Connecticut. A very large proportion of the inhabitants as late as 1845 can trace their ancestry to that small flock who under the pastoral charge of the Rev Mr Warham left England in 1630 and after remaining a short time in Dorchester Massachusetts near Boston removed in the fall of 1635 and spring of 1636 to Windsor Connecticut."

Genealogy of Our Barber Family 1614-1965 by Lucy James COLE Flemming
(Written by Lucy Cole Flemming (great granddaughter of Col Levi Barber from record book kept in the family and from Barber Genealogy compiled by Lillian May Wilson in 1909. Copied from LCF's handwritten account by granddaughter Linda Engle Lackore Summer 2000.)
"Thomas Barber- born about 1614 in County of Bedfordshire England. He came to Windsor Connecticut with a party fitted out by Richard Saltonstall, under Francis Stiles, a master carpenter of London. The Saltonstall party sailed on 16 Mar 1635 on the ship, 'Christian'...
"...He died 11 Sep 1662, married to Jane or Joan (surname not known) daughter of Dutch settler- said to have been first white woman to land in Connecticut. She died 10 Sep 1662. (Reference: Barber Genealogy pg 15-16 etc)
"Thomas and wife Joan had the following children:
John b 24 Jul 1642
Thomas b 14 Jul 1644 - (OUR ANCESTOR)
Sarah b 19 Jul 1646
Samuel b 1 Oct 1648
Mary b 12 Oct 1651
Josiah b 15 Feb 1653
"His inventory taken 20 Oct 1662 by Benjamin Newberry and John Moore- L132-14-00 (pounds-shillings-pence). Will is given on page 18 Barber Genealogy."

Planters of the Commonwealth 1620-1640, Charles Edward Banks, Riverside Press, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1930, p129:
"'Christian' of London, John White, Master. She sailed from London in March and arrived at Boston in June. Her passengers wer 'certified' by the minister of Saint Mildred, Breadstreet, London...John Stiles 33 of Millbrook County Bedford to Windsor Connecticut, Mrs Joan Stiles35, Henry Stiles 3, John Stiles 3/4, Jane Morden 30, Thomas Barber 21. (See Pubic Record Office MSS, and Drake: 'Founders', p14.)"

Directory of Descendants of Founders of Windsor CT, 350th Anniv Comm, Stephen E Simon, Kent CL Avery, 24 Sep 1983
pv: "Barber, Thomas (ST = Saltonstall Party of 1635."
p8: "Earliest date mentioned in Windsor records 1635. Mar 7 Oct 1640 Jane _____, Came to Windsor with the Saltonstall Party in 1635. See 'Barber Genealogy Sec I Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor CT' John Barber White Haverhill MA Nichols Printing 1909." 17th Century Colonial Ancestors of Members of the National Society of Colonial Dames XVII Century 1915-1975, Mary Louise Marshall Hutton, Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company Inc, 1987, p15:
"Thomas Barber (1614-1662) CT m. Jane Coggin..."

"...BARBER, Thomas, Windsor, came in the 'Christian', 1635, aged 21, resid. prob. at Dorchester first, was engag. in the Pequot war, I suppose, under Stoughton, m. 7 oct 1640, Joan, had John, bapt 24 July 1642; Thomas, 14 Jul 1644; Sarah, 19 Jul 1646; Samuel, 1 Oct 1648; Mary, 12 Oct 1651; and Josiah..."

Barber Genealogy, Sect I Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909, Sect II Descendants of John Barber of Worcester Massachusetts 1714- 1909, Publ John Barber White, Ed Lillian May Wilson, Haverhill Mass, Press of the Nichols Print, 1909, clxiv 659p 24cm, 10-11369, CS71.B24 1909, Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909.
p18: "On 7 Oct 1640 Thomas Barber married Jane or Joan-(surname not known). She is supposed by some to have been a daughter of one of the Dutch settlers, and another authority states that she was the first white woman to land in Connecticut.
"He died on Sept 11th, and his wife Joan on Sept 10the 1662..."

National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Vol V, Explorers and Settlers, Robert G Ferris, National Park Service, 1968, Washington DC, p112:
"The movement into the fertile Connecticut River Valley was motivated less by a desire to seek religious freedom than to escape the tyranny of unproductive and rocky farmlands. It began in 1633, when a small group from Plymouth movedwest into Dutch territory and settled at Windsor, some 10 miles above Fort Good Hope, a Dutch post. In 1634, a number of farmers from Massachusetts founded Wethersfield. The following year, some 60 families moved from Newtown (Cambridge) and established Hartford adjacent to Fort Good Hope. Then, in 1636, virtually the entire Massachesetts villages of Dorchester, Watertown, and Newton made a mass exodus to the new locations in Connecticut.
"Thomas Hooker, pastor of the Newtown congregation, did not disagree with Winthrop in theological matters, but he did object to the oligarchical government of Massachusetts. Insisting that `the foundation of authority is laide in the consent of the governed,' he opposed the restricted suffrage in Massachusetts. Under his leadership, a movement to unify the Connecticut towns resulted in the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, devised and adopted in 1639 by representatives of the towns. This document, which has been called the first written constitution in the New World, set up a government similar to that in Massachusetts except that church membership was not required for voting and the franchise was much broader. With minor modification, until 1818 it served as Connecticut's constitution. In 1662, Connecticut received a royal charter."

The Story of the `Old Colony' of New Plymouth, Samuel Eliot Morison, 1956, Alfred A Knopf, New York, Ch XX, Pequots and Narragansetts, p209-211:
"A Natural resultof the great increase of English population in New England after 1630 was trouble with the Indians. Massasoit stood firm as the ally of Plymouth, and the Massachusetts were allied with the colony named after them; but Connecticut, though friendly with the Mohegans, became embroiled with the Pequots.
"That warlike nation occupied the territory between the narragansetts and the Connecticut River, and farther west. Sassacus, a great Pequot sachem, had brought under his sway most ofthe Indians between Point Judith, Rhode Island, and the Hudson River.
"An English trader from Virginia named John Stone, while sailing up the Connecticut River, was killed by the Pequots, together with the entire crew of his pinnace. A few months later, in the spring of 1635, Sassacus sent an `embassy' to Boston to make a treaty with the Bay Colony, as he wanted help against his enemies the Narragansetts. Governor Winthrop consented, on condition that the murderers of Captain Stone and his men be delivered for trial and punishment. The Governor sent a pinnace to get the culprits, but Sassacus refused to surrender them, claiming that they were only trying to rescue two of their fellows whom Stone had kidnapped to pilot him up the river. Their story was probably true, since Stone had a bad reputation for that sort of thing; but the Bay authorities felt that there should be a trial.
"Shortly after this...Jack Oldham, now trading out of Boston, was `knocked on the head by a hatchet' at Block Island, and his Indian murderers took refuge with the Pequots. Again Sassacus regused to give them up. Winthrop fully agreed with Bradford's principle, that Indians who killed Englishment must be surrendered for trial. He could not overlook these murders. So Captain Endecott and some forty armed men were sent on a punitive expedition, by sea.
"Endicott, who, unlike Myles Standish, had no experience in fighting Indians, landed on the banks ofthe Connecticut, burned a lot of Pequot lodges, and accomplished nothing except to stir up the entire tribe.
"Early in 1637, the Pequots began to take revenge on English settlements along the Connecticut, killing men and women working inthe fields and even assaulting the fort at Saybrook. Connecticut appealed to Massachusetts for help, and the Bay asked Plymouth to join in. Governor Bradford consented reluctantly, since, as he pointed out, the war was the result of Endecott's folly; but he realized that all English colonists must stand by each other. The General Court of Plymouth authorized him to send Lieutenants William Holmes and Thomas Prence, with forty-two armed men, to help Connecticut and Massachusetts. Contrary winds delayed their voyage around Cape Cod and they arrived too late for the war.
"Fortunately for the English, the Narragansetts joined them and led them to the Pequots' stronghold near the mouth of the Mystic River. The Bay force of forty under Captain John Underhill, joining with the Connecticut contingent of ninety under Captain John Mason, surrounded a rude fort where hundreds of Indians had gathered and built strong defenses. But they were armed only with bows and arrows. The English assaulted the fort and set fire to the Indian lodges, destroying more by fire than by gunshot. `It was a fearful sight,' wrote Bradford, `to see them thus frying in the fire and the streams of blood quenching the same and horrible was the stink and scent thereof; but the victory seemed a sweet sacrifice.' Sassacus with his `treasury' of wampum escaped to the Mohawks, who murdered him. Pequot prisoners were distributed between Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut and enslaved. Those who escaped death or capture joined the Narragansetts or the Mohegans, and lost their land.
"`From savage violence the land had rest for nigh forty year,' wrote an early chronicler. But conflicts with the Narragansetts were very narrowly avoided..."

The Connecticut Barbers, A Genealogy of the Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut, Donald S Barber, McDowell Publications, Utica NY, 1992,
p1: "...First Generation
"1. Thomas Barber, born (perhaps at Bedfordshire) England, 1613/1614; died at Windsor CT 11 Sep 1662; m 7 Oct 1640 Jane (d Windsor 10 Sep 1662); resided at Windsor.
"...There were a multitude of Barber families in Bedfordshire and other parts of England in the 1500's and 1600's, several including Thomases, leavingus uncertain to this day about Thomas' ancestry. A deeper mystery surrounds Jane, his wife. He married her in 1650, but the record gives only the name Jane or Joan. Two of Thomas' sons married Cogginladies, but there is no sign that Jane was a Coggin, as some have suggested. One of the Francis Stiles' sisters was named Jane, born 1605. She married in England and presumably remained there. There was a Jane Morden or Worden, age 35, on thepassenger list of the 'Christian'; hovever I know nothing further about her. It seems she was too old to have borne all of Thomas' children.
"Coggin, Stiles, Morden, Worden, or someone else: there seems as yet no way of knowing (an all tofrequent problem in Genealogy). [Ref: Barber Gen; Barbour IX:d; Barber Gen #7]"

993X-36 Jane or Joan COGGIN, 9P3R-Z7 COBBIN, C466-64 Jane or Joan COGGINS Born 1619 "Of Bedfordshire England", Chr England.

IGI Marriage A178086-178086 Jane, 7708714-49-1059068 Jone or Jane, and A456712-456712 Thomas BARBER Mar Jane or Joan COGGIN 7 Oct 1640 Windsor Hartford Connecticut.

LDS Submission: Roy Wilmot Hull Cardston Alberta Canada. LDS Heir: Roy Wilmot Hull 5th Great Grandson TBJr. Jane or Joan COGGIN Mar Thomas BARBER [Sr] Mother of Thomas BARBER [Jr].

LDS Submission: Jesse T Warner 827 South 8th West Salt Lake City Utah. LDSHeir: Oliver Harmon 3rd Great Grandson TBSr/JC. Jane or Joan COGGIN Born Abt 1619 Bedfordshire England Mar Thomas BARBER 7 Oct 1640 Windsor Died 10 Sep 1662 Windsor.

   Marriage Information:

Jane married Sergeant Thomas BARBER, Sr, son of Edward BARBER and Alice GALLE, on 7 Oct 1640 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. (Sergeant Thomas BARBER, Sr was born on 25 Apr 1613-1614 in Pulloxhill, Bedfordshire, England, christened in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA and died on 11 Sep 1662 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)


1 Ancestral File Ver 4.10, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File Ver 4.10, (Copyright (c) 1980, 1997.), 993X-36, 9P3R-Z7, C466-64.

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