Sergeant Thomas BARBER, Sr 1
- Born: 25 Apr 1613-1614, Pulloxhill, Bedfordshire, England
- Christened: Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
- Married: 7 Oct 1640, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- Died: 11 Sep 1662, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Another name for Thomas was Sergeant.
Ancestral File Number: C466-5X. User ID: 2304.
Sergeant, Indentured 28 Mar 1637.
1st- Sergeant Thomas Barber, immigrated from England, and served as Sergeant in Pequot War- see description of battle pg 16 Barber Genealogy [Reference: Genealogy of Our Barber Family 1614-1965 by Lucy James COLE Flemming- Military Record of Barber (Our) Lineage]
Part of the Genealogy of the Barber Family
(Handwritten by ?Col Levi Barber vs Capt Levi Barber)
Thomas Barber of Mildred Bradstreet England aged 21 years, sailed from London England, in March 1635 in the ship 'Christian' for America after taking the oath of Allegiance and Subservience, resided in Dorchester Massachusetts afterwards in Windsor Connecticut, was engaged in teh Pequot war under Stoughton, his wife's name Jane, who with her husband both died in 1662. Thomas and Jane had 6 children...
Lucy Mayberry BARBER Cole, Dictated by her father Capt Levi BARBER, and copied by her great grand daughter Linda Jean ENGLE Lackore Summer 2000:
"The first settlers of Simsbury Connecticut came from Windsor Connecticut. A very large proportion of the inhabitants as late as 1845 can trace their ancestry to that small flock who under the pastoral charge of the Rev Mr Warham left England in 1630 and after remaining a short time in Dorchester Massachusetts near Boston removed in the fall of 1635 and spring of 1636 to Windsor Connecticut."
Genealogy of Our Barber Family 1614-1965 by Lucy James COLE Flemming
(Written by Lucy Cole Flemming (great granddaughter of Col Levi Barber from record book kept in the family and from Barber Genealogy compiled by Lillian May Wilson in 1909. Copied from LCF's handwritten account by granddaughter Linda Engle Lackore Summer 2000.)
"Thomas Barber- born about 1614 in County of Bedfordshire England. He came to Windsor Connecticut with a party fitted out by Richard Saltonstall, under Francis Stiles, a master carpenter of London. The Saltonstall party sailed on 16 Mar 1635 on the ship, 'Christian'.
"Thomas Barber's residence was located 'upon an ancient road which runs SW from the revulet intersecting the Poquonnack road above the old mill.'
"Thomas was a soldier with the rank of Sergeant in the Pequot War. He distinguished himself by his bravery in a number of fights with the Pequots and particularly taking of a fort, which the Indians considered inpregnable (description of battle on pg 16 of Barber Genealogy). He was granted 600 acres of land in 1641 in locality called by Indian name 'Massaco'.
"Records of town of Northampton Massachusetts: 'At a town meeting 24 Apr 1661 voted and agreed that he be made an inhabitant of Northampton with plat of ground of 20 acres.'
"He died 11 Sep 1662, married to Jane or Joan (surname not known) daughter of Dutch settler- said to have been first white woman to land in Connecticut. She died 10 Sep 1662. (Reference: Barber Genealogy pg 15-16 etc)
"Thomas and wife Joan had the following children:
John b 24 Jul 1642
Thomas b 14 Jul 1644 - (OUR ANCESTOR)
Sarah b 19 Jul 1646
Samuel b 1 Oct 1648
Mary b 12 Oct 1651
Josiah b 15 Feb 1653
"His inventory taken 20 Oct 1662 by Benjamin Newberry and John Moore- L132-14-00 (pounds-shillings-pence). Will is given on page 18 Barber Genealogy."
Planters of the Commonwealth 1620-1640, Charles Edward Banks, Riverside Press, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1930, p129:
"'Christian' of London, John White, Master. She sailed from London in March and arrived at Boston in June. Her passengers wer 'certified' by the minister of Saint Mildred, Breadstreet, London...John Stiles 33 of Millbrook County Bedford to Windsor Connecticut, Mrs Joan Stiles 35, Henry Stiles 3, John Stiles 3/4, Jane Morden 30, Thomas Barber 21. (See Public Record Office MSS, and Drake 'Founders' p14.)"
Directory of Descendants of Founders of Windsor CT, 350th Anniv Comm, Stephen E Simon, Kent CL Avery, 24 Sep 1983
v: "Barber, Thomas (ST = Saltonstall Party) 1635.
8: "Earliest date mentioned in Windsor records 1635. Mar 7 Oct 1640 Jane. Came to Windsor with the Saltonstall Party of 1635. See 'Barber Genealogy Sec I Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor CT' John Barber White Haverhill MA Nichols Printing 1909."
Connecticut Soldiers in the Pequot War of 1637, James Shepard, Journal Publish- ing Co, Meridian CT, 1913
p5: "The first levy of ninety men for war against the Pequots was made May 1, 1637, calling for forty-two men from Hartford, thirty from Windsor and eighteen from Wethersfield (Colonial Records, Vol I, 8). The second levy of thirty men was made 2 Jun 1637 calling for fourteen men from Hartford, ten from Windsor and six from Wethersfield. The third levy of ten men was made 26 Jun 1637, calling for five men from Hartford, three from Windsor and two from Wethersfield (Colonial Records, Vol I, 10). These three levies called for sixty-one men from Hartford, forty-two from Windsor and twenty-six from Wethers- field, making a total of one hundred and thirty men. There is no record of the enlistments for these levies and no muster oll or pay roll of those in the ser- vice. The Hartford soldiers were given land by the proprietors in the 'Soldier's Field.' From the Hartford land records (Distributions) the names of perhaps more than half of the Hartford soldiers may be gleaned. Some of the lots were two or three times as large as the lots of other men of the same rank, and this, taken with the fact that soldiers known to have been from Hartford have no record of land in the said field, indicates that the rights of some soldiers to said land were purchased by other soldiers before the tract was distributed, thereby leav- ing us without any record of their rights in the said land. Several lists, more or less complete, from the various towns have been compiled bydifferent persons with more or less accuracy. The locations given by the various compilers cannot always be depended upon, for in some instances they included men who settled in the respective towns after the war, as, for example, Mr Adams andDr Stiles include Samuel and Thomas Hale in the Wethersfield list, because they settled there, although they were evidently living in Hartford in 1637.
"It should be borne in mind that there were no settlements in Connecticut, at that time, other than Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield, and the beginning of a settlement at Saybrook. With the exception of nineteen men under Captain Underhill (a few of whom were from Saybrook and the rest from Massachusetts), only Connecticut men were in the Mystic Fort fight in May, 1637. In the Swamp fight at Fairfield, June, 1637, there were, besides the Connecticut men, some one hundred or more Massachusetts men under Captain Israel Stoughton. There does not appear to be any listof those who went from Massachusetts. Bodge's 'Soldiers in King Philip's War,' has a brief account of the Pequot War and claims to have drawn from all available sources. It gives a list of Hartford and Windsor men, a list of the volunteers raised in Plymouth, MA, to go, but never went, and gives no list of the men under Stoughton and Underhill.
"The Colony of Connecticut gave land to thirty-six of these men, or their heirs, and in connection therewith stated that such grants were in consideration of service in the Pequot War. Many of the men hereinafter named received land grants which may have been in consideration of such service, but inasmuch as land grants, without special service, were common we have not, with one or two exceptions, cited land grants in which there is not reference to service in the Pequot War. In the following 'Soldiers' Record' we have designated these thirty-six men by references under 'service mentioned,' by reference to the volumeand page of the Colonial Records where the grants, with mention of service, may be found. So far, we have the names of only ninety-five men that are said to have been Connecticut soldiers in the Pequot War. Five of these men were probably fromSaybrook and three of them cannot be located, thus leaving the number fom the river towns at eighty-seven out of the one hundrd and thirty called for in the three levies. Of the ninety-five soldiers hereafter named, it is probable that fifty may be credited to Hartford, on its quota of sixty-one; eighteen to Windsor on its quota of forty-three, and nineteen to Wethersfield on its quota of twenty-six. Of the fifty men from Hartford, Francis H Parker, Esq, gives the names of twenty-nine men who had lots in the Soldiers' Field at Hartford, as hereinafter stated in the 'Soldiers' Record'.
"While the following list of soldiers is neither complete nor perfect, it is based upon the conclusions of several workers who have examined every accessible data as to the three river towns with such care that any statement of service in the Pequot War of men whose names do not appear in this list, should be doubted, unless accompanied with satisfactory reasons for such statement."
p11: "Barber, Thomas- Service mentioned. (Mason.) Enlisted from Windsor. (Tarbox, Tuttle, Bodge and Stiles' Win.)
"He was the first in New England by the name of Barber, settled at Windsor 1635, where he was an apprentice ofFrancis Stiles, carpenter. Removed to Simsbury, 1648, died 1662. Seven children. (Win. Gen.; Ancestry of David Byers; Barber, p1; Barber-Eno Gen., p5; Manwaring, Vol. I., p 94, and Pope.)"
17th Century Colonial Ancestors of Members of the National Society of Colonial Dames XVII Century 1915-1975, Mary Louise Marshall Hutton, Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company Inc, 1987, p15:
"Thomas Barber (1614-1662) CT, m. Jane Coggin, Juror, Military Service."
"...BARBER, Thomas, Windsor, came in the 'Christian', 1635, aged 21, resid. prob. at Dorchester first, was engag. in the Pequot war, I suppose, under Stoughton, m. 7 Oct 1640; had John, bapt 24 July 1642; Thomas, 14 Jul 1644; Sarah, 19 Jul 1646; Samuel, 1 Oct 1648;Mary, 12 Oct 1651; and Josiah..."
Barber Genealogy, Sect I Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909, Sect II Descendants of John Barber of Worcester Massachusetts 1714- 1909, Publ John Barber White, Ed Lillian May Wilson,Haverhill Mass, Press of the Nichols Print, 1909, clxiv 659p 24cm, 10-11369, CS71.B24 1909, Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909.
"In compiling the `Genealogy of the Descendants of Thomas Barber, of Windsor,' the records of the towns in which the early generations of the family settled, have been searched. Where these records have not been printed, transcripts have been obtained from the originals in the offices of the Town Clerks.
"A great deal of material has also been obtained from the following authorites:
"Stiles' `Ancient Windsor.'
"Bond's `Watertown, Mass., with Genealogies.'
"Loomis Family Genealogy, Female Lines.
"Orcutt's `History of Torrington.'
"History of Simsbury Etc., by Abiel Brown.
"History of Northfield by Temple.
"Phelps Family Genealogy, by Andrew T. Servin.
"Owing to the numerous marriages between the Barber and Phelps families, this last mentioned genealogy in particular, has furnished a large amount of data for the present work..."
"Introduction: Nearly 20 years ago, while on a visit to the home of my ancestors in Massachusetts, I became interested in genealogy...
"Whileassisting in this work, I became deeply interested in the various families from which I am descended through both my parents, and found that in some lines, genealogies had already been published. On my mother's side, I found two apparently unrelated Barber families. The American ancestor of one of these was Thomas Barber of Windsor, Conn., (born about 1614)...
"Of neither of these families had a genealogy been published, though I learned through correspondence that several descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor, Conn., had done more of less work in tracing their direct lineages. Among these (was)... the late Levi A. Barber of Duluth, Minn., who, some years ago, published a small pamphlet containing in brief form, the records of his direct line. Mr George H. Barbour of Detroit, Mich., had employed Mr. Fred Carlisle to prepare and publish a very small volume of Barber records, but devoted mainly to Mr. Barbour's direct line of ancestry...
p11: "ThomasBarber of Windsor, Conn, a partial record of whose descendants is contained in this volume, was the first of that name to emigrate from England to America...There is a tradition to the effect that two brothers of Thomas of Windsor came to America shortly after his arrival here, but no proof of this has yet been found..."
p12: "Bedfordshire, about 40 miles north of London, has been by many of his descendants, believed to be the birthplace of Thomas the Emigrant..."
p15: "First Generation.
"1. Thomas Barber, whose name appears in the early Colonial Records of Windsor, Conn. was born probably in the County of Bedfordshire, England, About 1614.
"He came to Windsor in 1635 with the party fitted out by Sir Richard Saltonstall, under Francis Stiles, a master carpenter of London. He was then 21 years of age, and was the first of the Barber name in New England.
"The following is a copy of a portion of the London Passenger Register for the ship `Christian' in which the Saltonstall party sailed for America:
"`16 Marcij 1634
"`Theis vnderwritten names are to be transported to New England imbarqued in ye `Christian' de Lo; (from London) Joh. White Mr. bound thither, the men having taken ye oath of Allegiance & Supremacie.
"`1 ffrancis Stiles 35
"`2 Tho: Bassett 37
"`3 Tho: Stiles 20
"`4 Tho: Barber 21'
"The ancient Jewish year which opened with the 25th of March continued long to have a legal position in Christian countries. In England, it was not until 1752 that the 1st of January became the initial day of the legal year, as it had long been of the popular year.
"The `Christian,' therefore, sailed on the 16th of March 1635 instead of March 1634, as the London Custom House Record states.
"According to the Windsor records, in 1635 Thomas Barber was granted `a lot ten rods west of Humphrey Hyde's Mill Road, 8 acres and 22 rods wide, bounded south by Mill Brook, extending as stated 2 rods wide, to accommodate Barber and Alvord, and also a way for Mr. Wareham, Minister, to go to his lot north of Barber's and Alvord's and ended in the Poquonnock Road.
"It is evident from the records, that Francis Stiles failed to fulfill his contract with Thomas Barber and the other young men of his party, for on Mar 28 1647 the following order was made by the Court of Hartford: Ord. `That Mrs Francis Stiles shal teach Geo. Chapple, Thos. Cooper and Thos. Barber, his servants (apprentices) in the trade of a carpenter, according to his promise for their services for their term, behind 4 days a weekonly to saw and slitt their own work that they are to frame themselves with their own hands, together with himself or some other master workman; the time to begin for the performance of this order 14 days hence without fail.'
"Thomas Barber's residence, it is stated, was located `upon an ancient road which running about southwesterly from the rivulet (near where the present road from Palisade Green comes in) intersected the Poquonnock road above the old mill.' On the north sideof this road were the residences of Thos. Barber, Humphrey Hyde, and Alex Alvord, and on the south side that of Jonathan Gillett.
"Thomas Barber was a soldier with the rank of Sergeant, in the Pequot War; he distinguished himself by his bravery in a number of fights with the Pequots, and particularly in the taking of a fort which the Indians considered impregnable. After describing the march and the plan of the attack, Capt. Mason gives the following account of the exploit. "`We called up our forces with all expedition, gave fire thro' the Pallisade upon them; the Indians being in a dead, indeed their last sleep. Then we wheeled off and fell upon the main entrance, which was blocked up with bushes about breast high, over which the Captain passed, intending to make good the entrance, encouraging the rest to follow. Lieut. Seeley endeavored to enter, but being somewhat encumbered stepped back and pulled out the bushes, and so entered, and with him about16 men. We had formerly concluded to destroy them by the sword and save the plunder.
"`Whereupon, Capt. Mason, seeing no Indians, entered a wigwam, where he was beset with many Indians waiting all opportunities to lay hands on him, but could not prevail. At length Wm. Heydon espying the breach in the wigwam, supposing some Englishman might be there, entered; but in his entrance fell over a dead Indian, but speedily recovering himself, the Indians some fled, others crept under their beds. The Captain going out of the wigwam saw many Indians in the lane or street; he making towards them they fled, were pursued to the end of the lane, where they were met by Edward Pattison, Thomas Barber,with some others, where seven ofthem were slain.'
"This occurred probably in June 1637.
"While returning from this memorable fight Thomas Barber engaged with Lieut. Cook in a discussion on religious and church matters, and becoming incensed at some remark made by the latter, struck him, for which offense the Court adjudged that he should forfeit his military rank, and pay a fine of five pounds.
"In 1641 the lands in the locality called by the Indian name Massaco, were apportioned among the Colonists.Thomas Barber was granted 600 acres of these lands.
"The records of Northampton, Mass., contain the following regarding Thomas Barber:
"`A Towne Meeting 24th of 4 mon. 1661.
"`The day and year abovesaid it was voted and agreed- Tomas Barber of Windsor may bee an inhabitant of this Towne and grant him a home lott and alsoe liberty to looke out a platt of ground to the quantity of 20 acres, and if it doe encourage him to come they grant it (to him) upon this condition;that he come and inhabit and make improvemente of it within a yere, after the date of-'
"This proposition from the town of Northamption, seems not to have been considered, as Thomas died the following year at his home in Windsor.
"From all that can be learned of the character of Thomas Barber, it is evident that he was a man of strong convictions, but very liberal in his views, especially so for the times in which he lived. It was his contention that the Church had no rightto interfere in temporal matters, which caused the trouble between him and Lieut. Cook. He was, to a marked degree, impulsive and energetic and possessed of great shrewdness in business matters, but with an uprightness of character which won for him the confidence and respect of the Colonists. Brave, fearless and resourceful in times of peril, he was a prominent figure in the defense of the colony, and an Indian fighter of whom the savages stood in awe.
"The Hartford Probate Records contain the following regarding the settlement of Thomas Barber's estate..."
A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records, Charles W Manwaring, Vol I Hartford District, 1635-1700,
p94 (actual Vol II, p184): "Thomas Barber, Windsor. Invt L132-14-00.Taken 20 Oct 1662, by Benj. Newberry and John Moore."
p187-4: "Court Record Feb 1662-3 Invt approved. Samuel was placed with his brother Thomas Barber to learn a trade; Mercy (Mary) Barber was placed with Lt. Walter Fyler and his wife until 18 years of age, unless she marries before, with her Master's and Dame's and eldest brother's approbation; Josias Barber was placed with Dea John Moore until 21 years of age to learn a trade; Thomas Barber doth engage totake Samuel Barber's portion and after two years from the present to allow 6% simple interest per annum. John Barber took Josias' portion upon the same terms.
p188-6: "Jun 1662 Dist to John & Sarah Joyntly The House & Homelot as their Father Willed L126-13-04. To Thomas Barber by Guift & his portion L13-00-00. To Samuel, Mercy, Josias, to each L36-15-00. By Capt. Newberry, Deacon Moore, Sgt. Alvord."
Barber "Grandparents", Ted B Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 705 Finch St McKinney Texas 75069, 1978, 183p 21cm, CS71.B24 1978, 929'.2'0973--dc19: "Barber `Grandparents' 125 Kings 143 Generations."
Reminiscences, Sylvester Barbour, Hartford, The Case Lockwood and Brainard Co, 1908, vi 177p 23.5cm, 8-23893, F104.C2B2, Fifty years a lawyer and appendix containing a list of the officers and members and a copy of the by-laws of Phoebe Humphrey Chapter DAR Collinsville Connecticut:
"My father, Henry Barbour, was fifth in descent from Thomas Barber, who came to Windsor, CT in 1635, and he was the son of Jonathan and Abi (Merrill) Barber, of Canton, where he was born March 12, 1793. On April 2, 1817, he was married to Naomi, daughter of Solomon and Hannah (Brown) Humphrey, of Barkhamsted CT...Naomi was born in Burlington CT where the family then resided, September 28, 1794. In the paternal line she was fifth in descent from Michael Humphrey, who came from England, and afterward to Windsor CT about 1640..."
The Story of the Thirteen Colonies, Clifford Lindsey Alderman, Random House, 1966, New York, Chap 6, The Connecticut Colony, p69-73:
"A broad and beautiful river rises far to the north near Canada, flows down the middle of what is now the state of Connecticut and empties into Long Island Sound. The Indians appropriately called it the Connecticut, meaning `Long River.' For many years, however, the settlers along its banks called it the Great River.
"The soil of its valley, deposited by spring floods in bygone centuries, was so rich that almost any crops would grow in it. Its dense forests provided a limitless store of timber, and teemed with fur-bearing animals. Vast schools of shad and salmon swam up the river to spawn. Vessels of good size could sail a distance of fifty miles before reaching the first of its falls.
"Thomas Hooker, pastor of the Puritan church of Newtown, now Cambridge, just outside Boston, had heard of the fertile valley to the west. Because of his Puritanpreachings in England, he had been hounded by the head of the Church of England, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and had fled to America. Instead of finding a haven where he could live in peace, Hooker found only disappointment in Newtown. "The austere ministers of Massachusetts Bay believed in strict enforcement of the rigid Puritan doctrines. Hooker did not agree. He began to think of taking his followers to a place where their lives would not be so harshly dominated by the church.
"Others in Newtown were ready to go with him. In the summer of 1636, Hooker and about a hundred of these dissatisfied people set out. It was a difficult and hazardous journey. No roads led through the forested hilly wilderness- not even a good trail. Yet the group set off, trudging patiently along and driving before them 160 head of lowing cattle and bawling calves, as well as squealing pigs and bleating goats. It was two weeks before they reached their goal.
"They settled on the west bank of the Great River, a few miles below the first falls, calling the place Newtown. Later they renamed it Hartford. It was not the first settlement in Connecticut. In 1633 the Dutch of New Netherland had established a fur trading post a short distance above Hartford. That same year Englishmen from the Plymouth colony founded Windsor, at the falls. In 1635 three groups from Massachusetts settled along the river. One of the expeditions founded Wethersfield, a little below Hartford. Another settled close to Windsor. The third took possession of the river's mouth and started Saybrook.
"Hartford became the most important settlement, however, because of Thomas Hooker. He united Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield into the Connecticut colony and guided it wisely through its early years of hardship and of peril from the Indians.
"However, there was friction between the Puritans and the settlers from Plymouth at Windsor. The Puritan group had settled almost next door to the Plymouth people without an invitation. Another source of trouble was the little Dutch trading post close to Hartford. Like two hostile dogs, these two settlements glowered at each other, though neither went sofar as to start a fight. Finally, when the English seized New Netherland in 1664, they removed the threat from the Dutch settlers on the Great River.
"The quarrels among the colonists, however, were nothing like the fights waged with certain Indians. The Mohegans, who lived in the settled region of Connecticut, were friendly, but the Pequots to the east were a fierce and bloodthirsty tribe. They were determined to kill all the white settlers of Connecticut.
"Time after time, the Pequots tried in vain to seize the fort at Saybrook. Then in 1637 they raided Wethersfield, killed nine people and carried off two women. With that, Connecticut declared war.
"The Pequot War was one of the smallest and shortest Indian battles fought in the American colonies. But it also proved to be a very bloody one. Captain John Mason, with a tiny army of 89 soldiers and about 80 Mohegan allies, sailed down the Great River to Long Island Sound. Then the party turned their three small ships east to Narragansett Bay, where they landed and obtained the help of about 500 Narragansett warriors. The Narragansetts were the enemies of the Pequots.
"Mason's reinforced army then marched by land approximately 25 miles westward to the Pequots' stonghold. The Indian fort covered an acre or so of ground. It was surrounded by a stout stockdale of tree trunks twelve feet high, set close together. Inside, in about 70 wigwams, were all the Peqot warriors. They probably numbered close to 600.
"In the darkness, Mason's force crept stealthily to a well-concealed position near the fort. The Pequots, unaware that an enemy was near, were having a war dance. Until late at night the English sentries could hear them howling and screeching.
"At dawn, Mason's army struck through two entrances on opposite sides of the fort. They took the sleeping warriors by surprise in the wigwams. Many fell before the attackers' musket balls and sword strokes as they tried to flee. The rest were burned to death when Mason's men set fire to the wigwams. In less than an hour the Pequots' power was utterly destroyed."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Micropaedia, Vol VI, p674, Massachusetts Bay Colony: "One of the original English settlements in present Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Johna Winthrop. The Massachusetts Bay Company had obtained, from Charles I in 1629, a charter empowering the company to trade and colonize in New England between the Charles and Merrimack rivers. Omitted from the charter was the usual clause requiring the company to hold its business meetings in England, a circumstance that the Puritan stockholders used to transfer control of the colony to America. The Puritans established a theocratic government with the franchise limited to church members..."
Annals of America, Vol, 1493-1754, Discovering a New World, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, 1976, p157, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut:
"The Connecticut settlement at Hartford was established in 1636 by settlers from the New Towne (now Cambridge), Massachusetts, congregation of the Reverend Thomas Hooker. Thisgroup had been preceded by others which had located at Windsor and Wethersfield. In January 1639, the freemen of these three townships assembled and drew up the so-called Fundamental Orders of Connecticut often hailed as the first written American constitution...It contained a preamble that is essentially a compact, the remainder being a body of laws. Hooker's move was prompted primarily by political considerations. He opposed the dominant figures at Boston, who looked down on democracy-believing it to be `no fit government either for church or commonwealth...'"
The Connecticut Barbers, A Genealogy of the Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut, Donald S Barber, McDowell Publications, Utica NY, 1992, Introduction:
"...The largest Barber family represented in Vermont was the Thomas Barbers from Connecticut. The Connecticut Barbers of the 16th and 17th centuries (sic <1600-1700's/ 17th and 18th centuries) were nearly all descended from Thomas...
"There are 666 numbered families in 11 generations. The children and grandchildren of some of these carry down to the 12th and 13th generations. There are 1100 families of Barber men, and 700 families of the married daughters (including afew unmarried ones). This grand total of 1800 compares to about 440 families of Barbers and daughters in the original Barber Genealogy of 1909...
"The original Thomas Barber Genealogy was published in 1909 by John Barber White, and written by Lillian May Wilson. I used that book as a basis for this new Genealogy. I discovered a few errors in it, but I am sur there will be more errors in this new volume than there were in the old one..."
p1: "...First Generation
"1. Thomas Barber, born (perhaps at Bedfordshire) England, 1613/1614; died at Windsor CT 11 Sep 1662; m 7 Oct 1640 Jane (d Windsor 10 Sep 1662); resided at Windsor.
"Before coming to New England Thomas was apprenticed under Francis Stiles, a master carpenter from Millbrook, Bedfordshire, England. Stiles was contracted by Sir Richard Saltonstall to build houses in America for Englishmen who were to follow. Thomas Barber at the age of 21 was among the twenty apprentices plus others whosailed with Stiles for New England in the ship 'Christian' (John White, Master), which left London 16 Mar 1634 (Julian Calendar), and arrived 3 months later in Boston June 1635.
"Each of the passengers had a certificate which read in part:'with certificate from St. Mildred, Bread Street, London, and having taken the oaths, to be transported to New England from London in the 'Christian' (from the Public Record Office, Westminster Hall, London).
"After 10 days at Boston the'Christian' sailed up the Connecticut River to Windsor, arriving there on the first of July 1635. That same year Thomas was granted a lot of a few acres, extending from Mill Brook, near the old Warham gristmill, north along both sides of Poquonock Avenue. The author's father was born on this same land, and my brother, sister, and I (David S. Barber, Middlefield, CT) were brought up on this, the original land grant. After 330 years of continuous Barber ownership, the land has now allbeen sold.
"The Pequot War in 1637, precipitated by the Pequot Indians by their continual harassment of both the settlers and the friendly Mohegans, found Thomas a Sargeant, one of the 30 soldiers from Windsor under the leadership of Captain John Mason. The night attack was a complete surprise to the Pequots, and a large percentage of the tribe was massacred. Thomas Barber's bravery (he was inside the Pequot Fort at Mystic during the attack), gained him honorable mention from Capt. Mason, and in return for this service, in 1641 he was granted 600 acres of land in Massaco, in the western part of Windsor. Massaco became Simsbury in 1669.
"The year 1645 found Thomas still an apprentice carpenter. Stiles apparently was slow to finish Thomas' apprenticeship, and needed a court order to force him to do so.
"From then on Thomas was a free man. At the time of his death in 1662, Thomas was making preparations to move to Northampton MA.
"There were a multitude of Barber families in Bedfordshire and other parts of England in the 1500's and 1600's, several including Thomases, leaving us uncertain to this day about Thomas' ancestry. A deeper mystery surrounds Jane, his wife. He married her in 1650, but the record gives only the name Jane or Joan. Two of Thomas' sons married Coggin ladies, but there is no sign that Jane was a Coggin, as some have suggested. One of the Francis Stiles' sisters was named Jane, born 1605. She married in England and presumably remained there. There was a Jane Morden or Worden, age 35, on the passenger list of the 'Christian'; hovever I know nothing further about her. It seems she was too old to have borne all of Thomas' children.
"Coggin, Stiles, Morden, Worden, or someone else: there seems as yet no way of knowing (an all to frequent problem in Genealogy). [Ref: Barber Gen; Barbour IX:d; Barber Gen #7]"
Letter Florence Louise FLEMMING Engle 24 May 2001
"Born Abt 1614 in Bedfordshire England, Died 11 Sep 1662 Simsbury Connecticut. He married Jane Coggins Abt 1641 in Simsbury Hartford Connecticut, daughter of John Coggins. She was born Abt 1619 in Bedfordshire England, and died 10 Sep 1662 in Windsor Connecticut.
Source: 'The Ancestry and Family Connections of David Byers Barber' compiled an printed by himself 1879. Quoted from some unidentified document (though it is implied to be the London Custom House record): 'Mildred Bradstreet 16 Mar 1634 These underwritten names are to be transported to New England inbarqued in ye Christian de Co [sic <"de Lo"; (from London)] : Jo [John] White M boung thither, the men have taken ye aoth Allegeance and Supremacie. Names (Yeres) Francis Stiles (35), Thomas Bassett (37), Thomas Stiles (20), Thomas Barber (21)...' A subsequent discussion presented by the author, David Byers Barber, points out that as England was under the Jewish calendar where the new year began on March 25 and it wasn't until 1752 that the new calendar establishing January 1 as the new year, that the ship 'Christian' actually left England 16 Mar 1635."
ANCESTRY.COM 30 Jul 2000
Database: Full Context of Connecticut Apprentices, 1637-1900
BARBER, THOMAS - Order of court that Frances Stiles is to teach his servants, George Chapple, Thomas Cooper, and Thomas Barber in the trade of carpenter.
Ind. Date: 28 Mar. 1637
ANCESTRY.COM 30 Jul 2000
Database: Connecticut Puritan Settlers, 1633-1845
Began as a "utopian experiment" in 1633, Connecticut was the destination for many thousands of Puritans seeking new opportunities. This database, originally published in 1848, is a collection of records regarding the first Puritan settlers in Connecticut. It provides a list of over 1,000 who settled in the colony, including the date of their arrival in the colony, place of residence, and other helpful facts. Also, it contains short biographical sketches for many settlers, as well as some births, marriage, and death records for the descendants of these early settlers. For researchers of early Connecticut ancestors, this can be an illuminating collection.
A Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut. Hartford, CT: - , 1846.
Database: Connecticut Puritan Settlers, 1633-1845
the First Puritan Settlers of Windsor. The first settlers of Windsor were, Mr. John Warham, who laid the foundation of the church there, in 1635; Henry Wolcott, William Phelps, John Whitefield, Humphrey Pinny, Deacon John More, or Moore, Deacon Gaylord, Lieut. John Ffiler, Matthew Grant, Thomas Dibble, Samuel Phelps, Nathan Gillett, Jonathan Gillett, Richard Vere, or Vose, Abraham Randall, Brigget Egglestone, George Phelps, Thomas Ford and Jobe Drake. Others arrived at different times until 1639, when the Rev. Ephraim Huit came from England, and was settled as a colleague with Mr. Warham, at Windsor, in 1639. A part of his church came with him, viz: Edward Griswold, John Bissell, Thomas Holcomb, Daniel Clark, and Peter Tilton. On his way to Windsor he was joined in Massachusetts by others, who accompanied him, viz: Joseph Newbury, Timothy Loomis, John Loomis, John Porter, William Hill, James Marshall, John Taylor, Eltwed Pomeroy, William Hosford, Aaron Cook, Elias Parkham, Richard Aldage, Henry Stiles, John Stiles, William Hayden, George Phillips, Thomas Stoughton, Owen Tudor, Return Strong, Captain Mason, Matthew Allen, John Hillyer, Thomas Barber, Nicholas Palmer, Tho. Buckland, Isaac Selden, Robert Watson, Stephen Terre, Bray Rossiter, Thomas Dewey, William Hurlbut, Roger Williams, Thomas Bascomb, Nicholas Denslow, Thomas Thornton and Simeon Hoyt. Several of the last class had been to Connecticut before they came with Mr. Huit in 1639; but they may all be considered as the first Puritan settlers of Windsor. Mr. Huit was spared to his people but a few years--he died in 1644. Mr. Warham was continued longer with his church. He lived to see much of the forest removed--roads made passable--a house for worship built--himself and family and friends comfortably situated in this new country--the two Colonies united, and the title of their lands confirmed, with his family rich in new land, and died in 1670, after a ministry there of about 35 years.
First Sttlers of the Colony. Barber, Thomas, came to Windsor in 1639, with Rev. Mr. Huit--married in 1640.
First Sttlers of the Colony. Barber, Thomas, 1637, apprentice to Geo. Stiles, made freeman, '45.
First Sttlers of the Colony. Phelps, William, Esq., Windsor, came with Mr. Warham's church to Windsor, in 1635. He married before he came from England, and had four children before he moved to Windsor, viz. William, Samuel, Nathaniel and Joseph--Timothy was born at Windsor in 1639, and Mary in 1644--the latter married Thomas Barber. He was a member of the first Court held in the colony in 1636, to try Henry Stiles; he was also a member of the Court of Magistrates in 1637, which declared war against the Pequotts; also in 1638 and '39, 1640-1-2-3, was an assistant (in the Upper House). He was foreman of the first grand jury in 1643, that attended the General Court--and deputy in 1646. He aided in enacting the first law in the colony, in 1639, after the compact of the towns on Connecticut River, and was afterwards an assistant to the Governor in the General Assembly. He was a member of the General Court for twelve sessions. He was one of a Committee to consult the Elders, and form a law against lying--was a Committee with Haynes, Hopkins and Welles to form criminal laws for the colony--to treat with George Fenwick for liberty to make salt on the Long Island Sound--and was on the war Committee against the Quinnipiac Indians. Mr. Phelps was one of the most efficient and valuable officers in the colony--his whole time must have been occupied in the service of the public. He was a brother of George and Samuel Phelps. Mr. Phelps, with Roger Ludlow, Henry Wolcott, Mr. Warham, John Mason, Thomas Lord, and Matthew Allyn were some of the leading men of Windsor and in the colony for many years.
Appendix, Containing Additions and Corrections. Barber, Thomas, Windsor--married in 1640, and had John, Thomas, Sarah, Samuel, Mary and Josiah. John married Bethsheba, and had a daughter and son. Thomas married Mary Phelps, and had Mary and Sarah. Samuel married Mary Long, and had Thomas and Samuel, in '71 and '73.
Appendix, Containing Additions and Corrections. Barber, Thomas, of Windsor, (in No. 1.) There was a young man of this name at Wethersfield who was a carpenter. The one at Windsor came there with Mr. Huet, in 1639, and married in '40. The name is common in Hartford county. John, '64. (See No. 1.)
Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of Connecticut. (Continued.) [Marvin Family.] Reinold Marvin, first son of Captain Reinold, was known and spoken of as Deacon Marvin. A great many anecdotes are related concerning "Deacon Marvin"--which have generally been attributed to "Captain Reinold." It is undoubtedly the fact, from a full investigation of the matter, that they all belong to his son Reinold; both being Deacons, and both having the same Christian name, the mistake could easily be made. This son Reinold was unquestionably the poet who composed the epitaphs on his father's and mother's tomb-stones, and the odd genius of whom a multitude of anecdotes and queer sayings and rhymes, are still related;--the most of them are positively known to apply only to the son of Captain Reinold. An aged descendant of this deacon, as also other aged persons now living in the vicinity, insist that this is the fact. Mr. Barber, in his "Historical Collections of Connecticut," has published some of these anecdotes, and attributes them, undoubtedly from hearsay, to "Lyme's Captain." It is to be hoped that in future editions of his work, he may correct the mistake.
Database: Hartford, Connecticut Probate Records, 1635-50
A DIGEST OF THE EARLY CONNECTICUT PROBATE RECORDS.
1650 to 1663.
Page 184 Name: Thomas Barber Location: Windsor
Invt. œ132-14-00. Taken 20 October, 1662, by Benjamin Newbery and John Moore.
Court Record, Page 187--4 February, 1662-3: Invt. approved. Samuel was placed with his brother Thomas Barber to learn a Trade; Mercy Barber was placed with Lt. Walter Fyler and his wife until 18 years of age, unless she marry before with her Master & Dame and Eldest brother's Approbation; Josias Barber was placed with Deacon John Moore until 21 years of age, to learn a Trade; Thomas Barber doth engage to take Samuel Barber's portion, and after 2 years from the present to allow 6 per cent. Simple Interest per annum: John Barber took Josias' portion upon the same terms. Page 188--6 June, 1662: Dist. to John & Sarah Joyntly:
œ s d
The House & Homelott as their Father Willed. 126-13-04
To Thomas Barber by Guift & his portion, 13-00-00
To Samuel, Mercy, Josias, to each, 36-15-00
By Capt. Newbery, Deacon Moore & Sergt. Alvord.
Database: Full Context of Library of Congress 50,000 Bibliographic Sources
Genealogical Publications: A List of 50,000 Sources from the Library of Congress
TITLE: The Connecticut Barbers : a genealogy of the descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor, Conn. /
AUTHOR(S): Barber, Donald S. (Donald Spencer), 1928- (Main)
PUBLISHED: Middlefield, CT (6 Edgewood Court Extension, Middlefield 06455) : D.S. Barber, c1992.
DESCRIPTION: 544 p. ; 23 cm.
NOTES: Includes bibliographical references (p. 455-466) and index.
SUBJECTS: Barber family.
Barber, Thomas, 1613-1662--Family.
LC CALL NO.: CS71.B241992
DEWEY CLASS NO.: 929/.2/0973 ED: 20
Genealogical Publications: A List of 50,000 Sources from the Library of Congress
TITLE: Barber "grandparents" : 125 kings, 143 generations /
AUTHOR(S): Bernard, Ted Butler, 1899- (Main) Bernard, Gertrude Barber, 1902- (Added)
PUBLISHED: McKinney, Tex. (705 Finch Street, McKinney 75069) : T.B. Bernard, 1978.
DESCRIPTION: 183 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
NOTES: Includes indexes.
SUBJECTS: Barber family.
LC CALL NO.: CS71.B241978
DEWEY CLASS NO.: 929/.2/0973 ED: 19
ANCESTRY.COM 13 Aug 2000
Database: THE PIONEERS OF MASSACHUSETTS
BARBER, Thomas, ae. 21, came in the Christian;
March 16, 1634, Thomas was at Windsor.
C466-5X Born 1614 "Of Windsor Hartford Connecticut", Chr England, Mar Jane or Joan COGGINS (AFN:C466-64) 7 Oct 1640 Windsor, Died 11 Sep 1662 Windsor.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Birth 8620906-14-1396222 Thomas BARBER Born 1614 Bedford England.
IGI Marriage A178086-178086 Jane, 7708714-49-1059068 Jone or Jane, and A456712-456712 Mar Jane or Joan COGGIN 7 Oct 1640 Windsor Hartford Connecticut.
LATTER DAY SAINTS
LDS Submission: Roy WilmotHull Cardston Alberta Canada. LDS Heir: Roy Wilmot Hull 5th Great Grandson TBJr. Thomas BARBER [Sr] Mar Jane or Joan COGGIN Father of Thomas BARBER [Jr].
LDS Submission: Jesse T Warner 827 South 8th West Salt Lake City Utah. LDS Heir: Oliver Harmon 3rd Great Grandson TBSr/JC. Thomas BARBER [Sr] Born 1614 Windsor Mar Jane or Joan COGGIN 7 Oct 1640 Windsor Died 11 Sep 1662 Windsor Hartford Connecticut.
1. Immigration; 16 Mar 1634/35, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA. "Christian", from London Middlesex England, in party fitted out by Richard Saltonstall, under Francis Stiles, master carpenter of London.
2. Removed; Aft 16 Mar 1634/35, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.
3. Indentured; 28 Mar 1637, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Carpentry, Francis Stiles
Thomas married Jane COGGIN, daughter of John COGGINS, on 7 Oct 1640 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. (Jane COGGIN was born in 1616-1619 in , , Holland, Netherlands, christened in , Bedfordshire, England and died on 10 Sep 1662 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)