Mayor Charles Martel AUSTRASIA
- Born: Abt 676-689, Heristal, Liege, Belgium
- Married (1): Abt 712
- Married (2): Abt 21 Jun 725
- Died: 22 Oct 741, Quierzy-Sur-Oise, Aisne, France
- Buried: Abbey, St Denis, Paris, Seine, France
Other names for Charles were AUSTRASIA Duke, PALACE Mayor, Karl MARTELL, "Martel" and "The Hammer".
Ancestral File Number: 9GC9-KK. User ID: 309817246736.
"Martel", "The Hammer", Mayor of the Palace and Duke of AUSTRASIA 714/725-
741, Gisant Effigy in Abbey Church of St Denis France.
Not Married Concubine I Austrasia Charles Martel, Not Married Concubine II Austrasia Charles Martel, Not Married Concubine III Austrasia Charles Martel.
ABBEY CHURCH OF SAINT-DENIS
Volume II The Royal Tombs, Alain Erlande-Brandenburg, Editions De la Lourelle, 7 Rue Dupuytren 75006 Paris
"6. Charles Martel d761...In 1263 and 1264 at the request of Saint Louis, the tombs of the kings of France were disposed at St-Denis and buried between the pillars at the crossing of the transept, the merovingians and Carolingians in the south, the Capetians in the north. To commemeorate the occasion, sixteen stone gisants were executed (that of Eudes and Hugh Capet disappeared during the French Revolution), all identically dressed and represented in the same fashion: with the eyes open and calm gestures. The face of the queens, emphasized by the play of light about their veils are the most beautiful. Those of Henry I and Robert the Pious are the most expressive. The work of three different artists can be recognized, each bringing a certain diversity to this sereies of gisants without upsetting its overall plan."
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p71: "246P Charles Martel `The Hammer', King of France, (S of 239, F of 261); defeated the Saracen army invaders from Spain at Battle of Tours in 732 halting the spread of Mahammedanism in Europe."
Europe in the Middle Ages, Robert S Hoyt, 1957, Harcourt Brace & Co, p621: "Genealogical Table II, The Carolingians, Charles Martel, Mayor 714-741..."
The Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988, Studio Editions, France 714: "Charles Martel, The Hammer, Mayor of Austrasia714-741, Battle of Tours 10 Oct 732 and saved Europe..."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p462, Carolingians: "[Pepin of Landen's] descendants, Pepin of Heristal, Charles Martel, Carloman, and Pepin the Short, continued to govern the territories under the nominal kingship of the Merovingians..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol II, p582, Carolingians: "After a period of uncertainty, Pepin II's bastard Charles Martel (died 741) established his own authority in Gaul and consolidated it by his great victory over the Muslims near Poitiers in 732."
p765 Charles Martel: "also called Charles Martellus, meaning the Hammer, Born Abt 688, Died 22 Oct 741 Quierzy-sur-Oise, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia (the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom), united the entire Frankish realm under his rule. Charles was the illegitimate son of Pepin of Herstal, who had brought the Frankish kingdom under the gegemony of Austrasia. In the civil war that followed Pepin's death in 714, Charles made himself master of northern Gaul. He then reestablished Frankish authority in southern Gaul, decisively defeating Saracen invaders at Poitiers in 732. In addition, he drove the Saxons across the Rhine and expanded Frankish influence in Germany."
Macropaedia, Vol IV, p61, Charles Martel: "...achieved the difficult goal of reuniting the Frankish kingdom. A man of valiant determination, ambition, and ability, he strove incessantly to consolidate his power. After the death of Dagobert I in 639, there had been no king of any worth in the Frankish kingdom. All of them were of the Merovingian line-idle, slothful, and bent on ease and luxury. The burden of rule lay upon the mayors of the palace, who in reality governed Austrasia, the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom, and Neustria, its western portion. These mayors controlled not only routine in the royal palace but also the political, social and commercial life of the Franks..." "When in 714 Pepin of Herstal died, he left as heirs three grandsons [Arnoul, Hugue, and Theobald], his legitimate children [Drogen, Grimoald, and Sylvius] all being dead. As an illegitimate son, Charles Martel was entirely neglected in the will. But he was young, strong, and determined, and a struggle for control at once began between him and Plectrude...He gathered an army, defeated and conquered the hostile Neustrians. His success made resistance by Plectrude and the Austrasiansuseless; realizing the spirit and power of young Charles, they submitted, and by 719 Charles alone governed the Franks as mayor. Peace and order reigned in Austrasia and Neustria, so that by 724 Charles was free to deal with hostile elements elsewhere. This involved expeditions against the Saxons and the peoples of the land near the Rhine and the Danube."
"Charles next crossed the Loire into Aquitaine, where one Eudes (Odo) was duke. Eudes, once an ally of Charles, had become disloyal and promptly called to his aid the Saracens, Moors from Africa, who, entering Spain in 711, had soon conquered it and were now (732) threatening Gaul. Led by their king `Abd ar-Rahman, they marched for Bordeaux, there to burn churches and to plunder. From Bordeaux they went across Acquitaine to Poitiers. It was outside this city that Charles Martel came upon them and put them to flight."
Between 733 and 736 he subdued Burgundy, and the Frisians; but "declined to respond to pleas for military aid from Pope Gregory III, who was beset by the Lombards (739). The Lombards had supported Charles against the Saracens, and he would have been unwise to antagonize them. Though the Pope sent magnificent gifts, even the keys of St Peter's tomb, and Charles replied with priceless offerings, he gave no promise of aid."
"At this time his health was failing, and in 741 he retired to his palace at Quierzy-sur-Oise, where he died soon after. Before his death he divided the Merovingian kingdom between his two ligitimate sons, Pepin and Carloman. He had maintained the fiction of Merovingian rule all of his life, refraining from transferring the royal title to his own dynasty."
The Story of Civilization,Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk IV, The Dark Ages, Ch XIX, The Decline of the West, Sec III, France, p461: "[Pepin's] illegitimate son Charles Martel (the Hammer), nominally as mayor of the palace and Duke of Austrasia, ruled all Gaulunder Clotaire IV (717-719). He resolutely repelled invasions of Gaul by Frisians and Saxons, and saved Europe for Christianity by turning back the Moslems at Tours. He supported Boniface and other missionaries in the conversion of Germany, but in the critical financial needs of his career he confiscated church lands, sold bishoprics to generals, quartered his troops on monasteries, beheaded a protesting monk, and was condemned to hell in a hundred sermons and tracts."
The Three Germanys, Theodore S Fay, Vol I, 1889, Walker & Co, New York, p95:
"[Pepin of Heristal's] son, Charles Martel, was the second member of the great Carlovingian family, wielding the whole royal power under the name of major-domo. He found open to him a sphere of action, perhaps greater than that which had brought immortality to Aetius and Theodoric...his conflict with Mohammedanism..." p90: "...Mohammedanism had taken possession of Spain, where it destroyed the kingdom of the WestGoths (700), and held that country seven hundred years. The Saracen general, Musa, boasted that he would (from Spain) cross the Pyrenees and Alps and proclaim Mohammedanism from the Vatican. The Mohammedans, in immense numbers, crossed the Pyrenees into Gaul, and were proceeding to impose the religion of the Crescent upon that part of Europe, when the inhabitants of Aquitania, a small Gaulish kingdom, called the franks to their assistance.
"Charles Martel, chief, and, in some degree, king of the Franks, met the great Mohammedan forces nears Tours (732), and routed them after a long and murderous battle. They retreated in disorder over the Pyrenees. Europe was saved from the Moslem yoke, and Charles received the name of Martel (Hammer) from the energetic blow he had dealt the invader."
Masterworks of History, Ed Joseph Reither, Doubleday & Co, 1948, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776, Edward Gibbon, Ch XV, The Two Sieges of Constantinople, p369: "...From such calamities was Christendom delivered by the genius and fortune of one man. Charles, the illegitimate son of the elder Pepin, was content with the titles of mayor or duke of the Franks; but he deserved to become the father of a line of kings. In a laborious administration of twenty-four years he restored and supported the dignity of the throne, and the rebels of Germany and Gaul were successively crushed by the activity of a warrior who in the same campaign could display his banner on the Elbe, the Rhone, and the shores of the ocean. In the public danger he was summoned by the voice of his country; and his rival, the duke of Aquitain, was reduced to appear among the fugitives and suppliants. `Alas!' exclaimed the Franks, `what a misfortune! what an indignity! We have long heard of the name and conquests of the Arabs; we were apprehensive of their attack from the East; they have now conquered Spain, and invade our country on the side of the West. Yet their numbers and (since they have no buckler) their arms are inferior to our own.' `If you follow my advice,' replied the prudent mayor of the palace, `you will not interrupt their march, nor precipitate your attack. They are likea torrent, which it is dangerous to stem in its career. The thirst of riches and the consciousness of success, redoubled their valour, and valour is of more avail than arms or numbers. Be patient till they have loaded themselves with the incumbrance of wealth. The possession of wealth will divide their counsels and assure your victory.' This subtle policy is perhaps a refinement of the Arabian writers; and the situation of Charles will suggest a more narrow and selfish motive of procrastination; the secret desire of humbling the pride and wasting the provinces of the rebel duke of Aquitain. It is yet mor probable that the delays of Charles were inevitable and reluctant. A standing army was unknown under the first and second race; more than half the kingdom was now in the hands of the Saracens: according to their respective situation, the Franks of Neustria and Austrasia were too conscious or too careless of the impending danger; and the voluntary aids of the Gepidae and Germans were separated by a long interval from the standard of the Christian general. No sooner had he collected his forces than he sought and found the enemy in the centre of France, between Tours and Poitiers. His well-conducted march was covered by a range of hills, and Abderame appears to have been surprised by his unexpected presence. The nations of Asia, Africa, and Curope advanced with equal ardour to an encounter which would change the history of the world. In the six first days of desultory combat the horsemen and archers of the East maintained their advantage; but in the closer onset of the seventh day the Orientals were oppressed by the strength and stature of the Germans, who, with stout hearts and iron hands, asserted the civil and religious freedom of their posterity. The epithet of martel the hammer, which has been added to the name of Charles, is expressive of his weighty and irresistible strokes: the valour of Eudes was excited by resentment and emulation; and their companions, in the eye of history are the true Peers and Paladins of French chivalry. After a bloody field, in which Abderame was slain, the Saracens, in the close of the evening retired to their camp. In the disorder and despair of the night the various tribes of Yemen and Damascus, of Africa and Spain, were provoked to turn their arms against each other: the remains of their host were suddenly dissolved, and each emir consulted his safety by a hastyand separate retreat. At the dawn of the day the stillness of a hostile camp was suspected by the victorious Christians: on the report of their spies they ventured to explore the riches fo the vacant tents; but if we expect some celebrated relics, a small portion of the spoil was restored to the innocent and lawful owners. The joyful tidings were soon diffused over the Catholic world, and the monks of Italy could affirm and believe that three hundred and fifty, or three hundred and seventy-five, thousand of the Mohammedans had been crushed by the hammer of Charles, while no more than fifteen hundred Christians were slain in the field of Tours. But this incredible tale is sufficiently disproved by the caution of the Frenchgeneral, who apprehended the snares and accidents of a pursuit, and dismissed his German allies to their native forests. The inactivity of a conqueror betrays the loss of strength and blood, and the most cruel execution is inflicted, not in the ranks of battle, but on the backs of a flying enemy. Yet the victory of the Franks was complete and final; Aquitain was recovered by the arms of Eudes; the Arabs never resumed the conquest of Gaul, and they were soon driven beyond the Pyreneesby Charles Martel and his valiant race."
France A Modern History, Albert Guerard, 1959, Univ Michigan Press, p49:
"...Pepin of Heristal, the victory of Tertry, established at a single stroke the supremacy of Austrasia and that of his ownhouse. After a short period of anarchy, his illegitimate son, Charles Martel, `the Hammer', crushed all apposition in Neurstria, Burgundy, and Aquitainia as well as in Austrasia, defeated the Arabs between Tours and Poitiers (732), led expeditions into Saxony, and was in all but name the sole king of the Franks.
"It is one of history's little ironies that Charles Martel, champion of the Cross against the Crescent, without whose victory `Oxford might be teaching Islamism today',should have been consigned to hell fire: he rewarded his lieutenants too liberally with ecclesiastical benefices..."
The Kings of France, Claude Wenzler, Tran. Angela Moyon, Editons Quest-France 13 Rue du Breil, Rennes, France 1995, p4:
"Simplified Family Tree Carolingians (751-987AD)- Charles Martel, Son of Pepin of Heristal 685-741..."
World Ancestral Chart No. 125360 Ancestors of Patricia Ann Kieffer.
Ancestral File 9GC9-KK Mayor of the Palace of AUSTRASIA Born 686 Mar ?1955, Ver 4.10 Born 676, 8HRB-BR Born 689, CE Charles Martel.
Charles married Duchess Rotrude AUSTRASIA, daughter of Bishop Leutwinus TREVES and Mrs Treves Leutwinus, about 712. (Duchess Rotrude AUSTRASIA was born about 690-691 in , Austrasia, France and died about 724.)
Charles also married Duchess Sunihilde Austrasia NANKS, daughter of Duke Grimold BAVARIA, II and Duchess Valentruda BAVARIA, about 21 Jun 725. (Duchess Sunihilde Austrasia NANKS was born about 690-710 in , Bavaria, Germany, christened in , Austrasia, France and died about 724-732.)
Charles also married Pilitrud. (Pilitrud was born about 706 in , , Austrasia.)
Charles also married Galiana SARACEN. (Galiana SARACEN was born about 712 in , , Austrasia.)
Charles also married Concubine I Austrasia Charles Martel. (Concubine I Austrasia Charles Martel was born about 708 in , Austrasia, France.)
Charles also married Concubine II Austrasia Charles Martel. (Concubine II Austrasia Charles Martel was born about 714 in , Austrasia, France.)
Charles also married Concubine III Austrasia Charles Martel. (Concubine III Austrasia Charles Martel was born about 716 in , Austrasia, France.)