King William SCOTLAND, I
- Born: Abt 1136-1143, , , Scotland
- Married (1): 5 Sep 1189, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
- Died: 4 Dec 1214, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland
- Buried: 10 Dec 1214, Abbey, Arbroath, Angusshire, Scotland
Other names for William were "The Lion", HUNTINGDON Earl and SCOTLAND King.
Ancestral File Number: 9FTG-5K. User ID: 151277838.
"The Lion", Earl of HUNTINGDON, King of SCOTLAND Reigned 1165-1214.
Not Married Avenel Concubine I William I King of Scotland, Not Married Concubine II William I King of Scotland, Not Married Concubine III William I King of Scotland, Not Married Concubine IV William I King of Scotland, Not Married Concubine V William I King of Scotland, Not Married Concubine VI William I King of Scotland.
Robert the Bruce King of Scots, Ronald McNair Scott, Carroll & Graf Publishers Inc, New York, 1982.
p3: "For over two hundred years, since Birnam Wood came to Dunsinane and the forces of Malcolm III had defeated and slain Macbeth, the House of Canmore had been the rulers of Scotland. During the reigns of eight succeeding kings of that blood, by conquest or by treaty, the realm had been enlarged so that when Alexander wed Yolande she became the queen of a kingdom which differed little in extent from the Scotland of the present day...
p23: "...Though by the Treaty of Falaise between Henry II of England and King William I 'the Lion' of Scotland, King William had agreed in 1174 to accept the overlordship of England in order to be released from captivity, this treaty had been abrogated by Richard I, Coeur de Lion, in 1189..."
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p94: "430E William `The Lion', King of Scotland, (S of 421, f of 440); married Avenel."
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "William I The Lion King of Scotland 1165-1214, Mar Ermengarde Daughter of Richard De Beaumont, Died 1214."
Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988,Studio Editions, Scotland 1165: "William, King of Scotland 1165-1214, Surnamed The Lion, Brother of Malcolm IV..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica 1981 Micropaedia, Vol X, p679, William I the Lion: "Born 1143, Died 4 Dec 1214 Stirling Stirlingshire,King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214; although he submitted to English overlordship for 15 years (1174-1189) of his reign, he ultimately obtained independence for his kingdom.
"William was the second son of the Scottish Henry, Earl of Northumberland, whose title he inherited in 1152. He was forced, however, to relinquish this earldom to King Henry II of England (ruled 1154-1189) in 1157. Succeeding to the throne of his elder brother, King Malcolm IV, in 1165, William joined a revolt of Henry's sons (1173) in an attempt to regain Northumberland. He was captured near Alnwick, Northumberland, in 1174 and released after agreeing to recognize the overlordship of the King of England and the supremacy of the English Church over the Scottish Church.
"Upon Henry's death in 1189, William obtained release from his feudal subjection by paying a large sum of money to England's new king, Richard I (ruled 1189-1199). In addition, although William had quarrelled bitterly with the papacy over a church appointment, Pope Celestine II ruled in 1192 that the Scottish Church owed obedience only to Rome, not to England. During the reign of King John in England, relations between England and Scotland deteriorated over the issue of Northumberland until finally, in 1209, John forced William torenounce his claims to the region...
"It is doubtful that William exhibited enough military prowess to merit the sobriquet "the Lion". He was succeeded by his sonAlexander II."
Macropaedia, Vol III, p235, Britain and Ireland History of: "Malcolm's brother, William I the Lion (1165-1214) subdued much of the north, and established royal castles there. After his capture on a raid into England, he was forced to become feudally subject to the English king by the Treaty of Falaise (1174); he was able, however, to buy back his kingdom's independence by the Quitclaim of Canterbury in 1189, though it should be emphasized that this document disposed of the Treaty of Falaise and not of the less precise claims of supriority over Scotland that English kings had put forward over the previous century."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p2983, William the Lion: "Born 1143, Died 1214, King ofScotland (1165-1214), brother and successor of Malcolm IV. Determined to recover Northumbria (lost to England in 1157), he supported the rebellion (1173-1174) of the sons of Henry II of England. The result was that he was captured by Henry, whoforced him to sign the Treaty of Falaise (1174), making Scotland a feudal possession of England. Released in 1175, he immediately asked the pope to declare the Scottish church free of English domination. A quarrel with the pope delayed the decision, but, in 1188, Pope Clement III declared the church in Scotland subject only to Rome. In 1189, William was able to buy annulment of the Treaty of Falaise from Richard I of England for 10,000 marks. After the succession (1199) of King Johnin England, William once more demended the restoration of Northumbria but was finally forced (1209) by show of arms to abandon the claim. William put down several revolts within Scotland and furthered somewhat the process of feudalization in the kingdom. His alliance (1168) with Louis VII of France began a long friendship between France and Scotland, later to be known as the Auld Alliance. He was succeeded by his son, Alexander II."
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 9FTG-5K Mar 5 Sep 1189 Woodstock Oxfordshire England Died 4 Dec 1214 ?Sterling <Stirling Stirlingshire Scotland Bur 10 Dec 1214 Abbey of Arbroath Angusshire Scotland.
William married Queen Ermengarde De Beaumont SCOTLAND, daughter of Richard De BEAUMONT, on 5 Sep 1189 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. (Queen Ermengarde De Beaumont SCOTLAND died in 1234.)
William also married Concubine I Avenel Scotland.
William also married Concubine II Scotland William I.
William also married Concubine III Scotland William I.
William also married Concubine IV Scotland William I.
William also married Concubine V Hythus Scotland.
William also married Concubine Scotland William I , VI. (Concubine Scotland William I , VI was born about 1151 in , , Scotland.)