1st Lord Robert Bruce ANNANDALE 1
- Born: Abt 1071, Skelton, Yorkshire, England
- Died: 11 May 1141, Skelton, Yorkshire, England
- Buried: Priory, Gisborough, Yorkshire, England
Other names for Robert were Royal Justice, ANNANDALE 1st Lord, BRUS and CLEVELAND Lord.
Ancestral File Number: 91VM-N4. User ID: 2420670272.
Royal Justice, Lord of Cleveland, 1st Lord of Annandale.
Robert the Bruce King of Scots, Ronald McNair Scott, Carroll & Graf Publishers Inc, New York, 1982.
p10: "The Bruces were members of that Anglo-Norman elite through whom the kings of England and Scotland maintained their sovereign rule. Reputedly descended from Lodver, the Norse Earl of Orkney in the tenth century, the Bruces first made their impact on the British isles when Adam de Brus, whose grandfather had mitgrated to Normandy, accompanied William the Conqueror to England. He was given the task of reducing Anglo-Saxon resistance in Yorkshire and as a reward for his services waas granted numerous manors in and around that country. His eldest son, the first Robert, became one of the great magnates of northern England, Lord of Cleveland and a royal justice for Henry I. In 1124 his possessions were notably increased. In that year King David I, who was his feudal overlord in England, succeeded to the Scottish throne and one of his first acts was to grant to his most important tenant-in-chief the lordship of Annandale and 200,000 acres. Straddling the western route, the lordship of Annandale was a key to one of the gateways of Scotland. From that date the Bruces became the virtual Wardens of the Western Marches.
"The first Robert combined the shrewdness of a Norman and a Yorkshireman, Having advised King Davin I in vain against a Scottish invasion of England in 1138, he resolved the problem of his dual loyalty by divesting himself, in the nick of time, or this Scottish possessions in favour of his younger son, the second Robert, and fought stoutly on behalf of his English sovereign at the Battle of the Standard. The second Robert for his part, although only fourteen, donned his armour and ranged himself in the ranks of the Scottish king. Tradition has it that father and son met on the eve of the battle and in a moving scene each tried to persuade the other to refrain from risking his life on the following day but without avail. Fortunately, neither suffered injury in the fray..."
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Ancestral File Ver 4.19 91VM-N4.
Robert married Agnes PAGNEL, daughter of Fulk PAGNEL. (Agnes PAGNEL was born about 1076 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England.)