William BONVILLE, IV
- Born: Abt 1423, Shute, Axminster, Devonshire, England
- Married: Abt 1441, Shute, Axminster, Devonshire, England
- Died: 31 Dec 1460, Battle, Wakefield, War of the Roses
Ancestral File Number: B19L-KQ.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Micropaedia, Chicago, 1981, Vol X, Wakefield, p515-516: "City, parliamentary borough, and county borough in the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England, just southwest of Leeds. It lies on the River Calder at the eastern edge of the Pennines (the hilly backbone of the North of England)...In 1204 the town was granted a three-day fair, and by 1304 it hada wool market. It was sacked in 1460 and was again attacked in 1643, during the English Civil War..."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Simon and Shuster, New York, 1957, Vol VI, The Reformation, Chap V, England in the Fifteenth Century,1399-1509, Part I, Kings, p107:
"...In 1452, imitating Charles VI of France, Henry VI went mad. A year later his ministers signed a peace acknowledging England's defeat in the Hundred Years' War.
"Richard, Duke of York, governed fortwo years as Protector; in a cloudy- lucid interval Henry dismissed him (1454); the angry Duke claimed the throne through descent from Edward III; he branded the Lancastrian kings as usurpers, and joined Salisbury, Warwick, and other barons inthose Wars of the Roses- Lancastrian red and Yorkis white- which through tirty-one years (1454-1485) pitted noble against noble in the indefatigable suicide of the Anglo-Norman aristocracy, and left England impoverished and desolate. Soldiers demobilized by unwonted peace, and loath to resume the chores of peasantry, enlisted on either side, plundered the villages and towns, and murdered without qualm all who stood in their way. The Duke of York was killed in battle at Goldsmith's Wakefield (1640), but his son Edward, Earl of March, carried on the war remorselessly, slaughtering all captives, with or without pedigree..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.11 B19L-KQ Died in the Battle of Wakefield 31 Dec 1460.
William married Elizabeth HARRINGTON about 1441 in Shute, Axminster, Devonshire, England.