- Born: 17 Feb 1605-1610, Chesterton, Huntingdonshire, England
- Christened: 17 Feb 1604/05, Chesterton, Huntingdonshire, England
- Married: 18 Nov 1640, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- Died: 16-23 Nov 1681, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Ancestral File Number: 3GLM-DL. User ID: 4630.
Immigrated England >Dorchester MA Abt 1630, Rem to Windsor CT Abt 1635/1636, Landowner in the First Land Division in Windsor, Land Granted 1 Dec 1640, Puritan, Indicted with Wife in Plymouth Colony as Baptists, Will Dated 26 Jul 1681, of Welsh Origin, Freeman Windsor 11 Oct 1669.
Monument to First Hartford Settlers, Hartford CT: "...?Thomas Bull..."
Lucy Mayberry BARBER Cole, Dictated by her father Capt Levi BARBER, and copied by her great grand daughter Linda Jean ENGLE Lackore Summer 2000:
"The first settlers of Simsbury Connecticut came from Windsor Connecticut. A very large proportion of the inhabitants as late as 1845 can trace their ancestry to that small flock who under the pastoral charge of the Rev Mr Warham left England in 1630 and after remaining a short time in Dorchester Massachusetts near Boston removed in the fall of 1635 and spring of 1636 to Windsor Connecticut."
History of the Simon Mills Family, Katie R Mills, Vol I
p3: "...Also in the year 1659 on 23 Feb the records of Windsor list the marriage of Simeon Mills and Mary Buell.
"It is probable that these two itemsin the year 1659 gave rise to the supposed need of two men named Simon Mills in Windsor at that time, it being obvious that Simon Mills could not marry in February when his wife lived until July!
"Apparently those who worked on early Millsrecords failed to remember that in those days the New Year began in the middle of the month of March- not on January 1st as it does today. This arrangement puts the month of February at the end of the year instead of near the beginning. So themarriage to Mary Buell in February occurred more than seven months after the death of wife in July- both dates being at that time in the year 1659. Nowadays when one uses a date such as this, it is written Feb 1659/1660 to remind the reader ofthe difference in the calendar today and that of the 1600's. Then it was their year 1659, but now it is our year 1660.
"Mary Buell was a young girl then, in her 17th year, having been born at Windsor, 2 Sep 1642, eldest daughter of William and Mary (_____) Buell. William Buell was of Welsh origin, having come to America in 1630 with his mother, who was called in the records 'Goode Buell.' They had lived first at Dorchester, and then moved to Windsor, where the mother died 3 Dec1639; and where land was granted to William Buell 1 Dec 1640. Windsor records have his marriage 18 Nov 1640, but the name of the bride is not entered in the record. Her given name was Mary. They became parents of seven children, of whom five grew up and married. William Buell died at Windsor 16 Nov 1681; his widow Mary Buell died there 1 Sep 1684.
"It was about 1660 that seats in the meeting house were assigned. They were made by William Buell and the people paid form them..."
History of the Buell Family in England and America, Abert Welles, American College Genealogy Registry, Family History Heraldry Society Library, 1881, NY
p1: "First Generation.
"William Buell or Bewelle or Beville or Dorchester MA andWindsor CT, was born at Chesterton in Huntingdonshire England about 1610 and emigrated to America about 1630. He settled first at Dorchester MA and thence removed to Windsor Ct about 1635/1636 where he died 23 Nov 1681.
"Baylies II 211: 'William Buell, Sr was in the first land division in Windsor. In his Will he gave all his tools to his two sons, Samuel and Peter, and gave his daughter, Mary Mills L5 more than any of his other daughters.
"'William Buell gave his son Peterthe land given him by Windsor, and half of his tools, and the other half to Samuel.
"'William Buell and his wife in Oct 1650 were indicted in Plymouth Colony as Baptists.
"' In Oct 1650, John Hazel, Edward Smith and his wife, ObadiahHolmes, Joseph Terry and his wife, the wife of James Mann, William Buell and his wife, were indicted for continuing their meeting from house to house on the Lord's Day, contrary to the order of the Court; but it does not appear that any punishment was inflicted.'
"Windsor Records 29 Mar 1652: 'Accounts made with William Buell for work done in the Meeting Howse, etc: The Elder's Pew, Deakon's Pew, Magistrat's Pew, and their Wives' Pew, formerly paid, and for the fower rowes ofseats in the Meeting House when the dours are up. We find that his work comes to L28.19s.00d. And for the new worke about altering the Magistrat's wife's Pew, and others in that rang, comes to L4.3s.8d.- the holle sume is L33.2s.8d.
"'William Buell Sr of Windsor died 23 Nov 1681. His Will dated 26 Jul 1681. Inventory offered by his wife, Mary dated 26 Jul 1681, L147.2s.7d. Mary, his relict, made oath 6 Mar 1681/1682 that she had made a true presentment of his estate. Widow MaryBuell died at Windsor 1 Sep 1684. William Buell's mother probably came with him to Windsor, as the Windsor Record says: 'Goode Buell died at Windsor 3 Dec 1639.'
"William Buel was one of those Religious enthusiasts known in Old and New England as Puritans of whom Russell wrote that they were 'the most remarkable body of men the world has ever produced.' They came out from Society and the Churches, became dissenters, non-conformists, and recusants..."
p20: "The Family of Bevilles in England is very Ancient in that Country and of such note that Robert Beville was Knight of the Shire for Huntingdonshire, 12th Henry IV (1410); and Thomas Beville held the same office in 3rd and 5th Henry V (1415-1417). Sir Robert Beville of Chesterton in Huntingdonshire, Knight of the Bath, married Catharine, daughter of Sir John Goode, about 1600. She was a widow of Sir Robert Hampson, Knight, Alderman of London; also of Sir Gilbert Wakering.
"Catherine (daughter of Sir John Beville, who died in 1636) married Sir John Hewet, son of Sir Thomas Hewet of Pishiobury in Hertfordshire. Sir John was created a Baronet 11 Oct 1621.
"Catherine Beville was sister and co-heiress of Sir Richard Beville, of Chesterton in Huntingdonshire, Knight of the Bath, in the reign of King James I (1603-1625) and died 1640. This Sir Richard was the last male heir of the Family. After his death in 1640 the estate was divided between Sir John Hewet of Worsley in Huntingdonshire and John Dryden Esq who had married the two sisters and co-heiresses of Sir Richard.
"The children of Catharine Beville Hewet were two sons Sir John and Robert and five daughters Elizabeth, Catharine, Frances, Anne, and Grace... "It would appear from the above that William Buell of Windsor was of the Bevilles of Huntingdonshire and at the time of his emigration to America changed the orthography of his name to Buell, a very common thing in those days, as nearly all the emigrants fled from Religious persecution, which at that time (1630) was more particularly acrimonious and cruel than at any other period. He might have been a younger son of the Sir Robert Beville of Chesterton in Huntingdonshire. Another indication of consanguinuity lies in the 'given' name of William Buell's mother (Goode Buell), which was probably from Sir John Goode, the grandfather of Mrs Catharine Beville Hewet.
"Another evidence of relationship is found in the Windsor Records, which state that 'Ephriam Hewet and divers others came up from the bay (Massachusetts Bay) to Windsor to settle here 17 Aug 1639. He had been a Puritan Minister in Wraxall, near Kenilworth in Warwickshire and had been proceeded against by Archbishop Laud (the greatest persecutor of the Puritans) in 1638 for neglect of Ceremonies and emigrated to America in 1639 and landed at Boston MA. He also changed his name from Hewet to Huet (Huit), and was evidently one of the younger sons of the Hewet family mentioned above of Chestertown, Huntingdon- shire, and being a relative of William Buell (or Beville) of Windsor.
"This Ephriam Hewet or Huet on his arrival at Windsor became colleague with Rev Mr John Wareham or whom it is recorded that he preached at Windsor thirty-six years. That he came from England in 1630 and landed at Nantucket 30 May. the people who came with him were the emigrants who settled at Dorchester MA in the same year. A portion of these removed and settled at Windsor CT in 1635 and among them was William Buell.
"Rev John Wareham sailed from Plymouth England 30 Mar 1630 in the ship 'Mary and John' and on his arrival at Windsor- then almost a wilderness- he was, with four others (viz Messrs Mason, Ludlow, Stoughton and Wolcott) appointed to superintend the Settlement of Windsor."
A History of Descendants of Founders of Windsor CT, 350th Anniv Comm, Stephen E Simon, Kent CL Avery, 24 Sep 1983
pv: "Buell,William (D = Dorchester MA) 1640.
p21: "Earliest date mentioned in Windsor records 1640. Mar 18 Nov 1640 Mary. Died 23 Nov 1681. See Buell Family Association c/o Mrs June A. Buell Woodstock Valley CT 06282."
17th Century Colonial Ancestors of Members of the National Society of Colonial Dames XVII Century 1915-1975, Mary Louise Marshall Hutton, Baltimore Genealogi- cal Publishing Co Inc, 1987, p40:
"William Buell (1610-1681) CT, m. Mary Post, Landowner."
Digest of Early Connecticut Probate Records, C W Manwaring, Vol I, p280: "William Bewell (Buell), Windsor. Died 16 Nov 1681. Invt L147-12-10. Taken 30 Nov 1681. Will dated 26 Jul 1681."
The Mayflower Compact, Frank R Donovan, Grosset and Dunlap, 1968, New York, Chap VI, The Pilgrims and The Puritans, p156-157:
"The (Mayflower) Compact idea was broadened beyond town government in 1643 when the colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut and New Haven formed the New England Confederation. With civil war raging in the mother country they feared that they might be attacked by the Indians, the French or the Dutch. They entered into a compact for their mutual protection. In their articles they pledged themselves to a `firm and perpetual league of friendship and amity, for offense and defense, mutual advice and succor...both for preserving and propagating the truth [and liberties] of the Gospel, and for their own mutual safety and wlefare.' Although this was basically amilitary alliance, one of the first acts of teh Confederacy was to provide that steps be taken to prevent `excess and disorder in apparel, drink, and all other loose and sinful miscarriages.'
"In a sense the New England Confederacy was thebeginning of a United States in America- they called themselves the United Colonies of New England. Although their league was supposed to be perpetual, it passed away when Andros came on the scene. But the idea did not. Benjamin Franklin unquestionably had the New England Confederacy in mind in 1775 when he presented to the Constitutional Congress a plan for a similar confederation of the thirteen colonies which were about to revolt against England. After much bickering and debate the Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation under which the United States lived until its Constitution was adopted in 1787..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Micropaedia, Vol VI, p674, Massachusetts Bay Colony:
"One of the original English settlements in present Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Johna Winthrop. The Massachusetts Bay Company had obtained, from Charles I in 1629, a charter empowering the company totrade and colonize in New England between the Charles and Merrimack rivers. Omitted from the charter was the usual clause requiring the company to hold its business meetings in England, a circumstance that the Puritan stockholders used to transfer control of the colony to America. The Puritans established a theocratic government with thefranchise limited to church members..."
The Annals of America, Vol I, 1493-1754, Discovering a New World, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, 1976, p157, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut:
"The Connecticut settlement at Hartford was established in 1636 by settlers from the New Towne (now Cambridge), Massachusetts, congregation of the Reverend Thomas Hooker. This group had been precededby others which had located at Windsor and Wethersfield. In January 1639, the freemen of these three townships assembled and drew up the so-called Fundamental Orders of Connecticut often hailed as the first written American constitution...It contained a preamble that is essentially a compact, the remainder being a body of laws. Hooker's move was prompted primarily by political considerations. He opposed the dominant figures at Boston, who looked down on democracy- believing it to be`no fit government either for church or commonwealth...'"
Holcombe Family Genealogy
James and Randal Holcombe
Descendants of William Buell
1. William1 Buell,(1721) son of Sir Robert Bevill and Catherine Goode, was born in England 1610. William died November 16, 1681 in Windsor, CT, at 71 years of age.
He married Mary Post in Windsor, CT, November 18, 1640. Mary was born 1619. Mary died September 2, 1684 in Windsor, CT, at 65 years of age. A Welchman, joiner by trade; an early ands respectable settler at Windsor.
George E. McCracken in TAG, vol 54 (April 1978) pages 65-71, titled Wiliam Buell & Early Descendants indicates that there is no documented proof that the immigrant William was the son of Sir Robert Bevill and Catherine Goode.
McCracken William Buell married, perhaps at Windsor where the marriage is recorded, a woman whose name is not identified in this record. We know from other sources that her first name was Mary but we have not found her maiden surname recorded anywhere, though there is a claim that she was either a Thomas or a Post. Good old Matthew Grant, who was responsible for thses records, gives us dates of marriage for several other couples without stating the maiden names of the brides. I have long had a theory that he was more concerned to discover that between the wedding and the birth of the eldest child a full cononical nine-month period had elapsed, and that in most of these cases the wedding had taken place elsewhere. Matthew might well have asked these ladies what their maiden names had been, but apparently his curiosity did not lead him to do so. In this case, the fact that "Goode Buell" had died in the preceding year at Windsor makes it seem likely that the wedding actually took place in Windsor and that Grant was unusually remiss in not setting down Mary's maiden name.
His will was written July 26, 1681, inventory taken November 16, 1681, and probated March 6, 1681/2 (Manwaring 1:280 f.)
According to the inventory of her estate the widow Mary Buell died on September 1, 1684, but the Windsor Vital Records and Colonial Deeds D:56 say she died on the day following. She left an unsigned will dated August 29, 1684, probated March 24, 1684/5 (Manwaring 1:280).
William Buell and Mary Post had the following children:
+ 2 i. Samuel2 Buell was born September 2, 1641.
+ 3 ii. Mary Buell was born September 3, 1642.
+ 4 iii. Sgt. Peter Buell was born August 19, 1644.
+ 5 iv. Hannah Buell was born January 8, 1646/7.(1722)
6 v. Hepzibah Buell(1723) was born in Windsor, CT December 11, 1649. Hepzibah died 1704 at 54 years of age. She married Lt.Thomas Wells in Windsor, CT, January 12, 1672 or 1673. Thomas was born June 10, 1652. Thomas was the son of Thomas Wells. Thomas died 1691 at 39 years of age. Thomas and Hebzibah had eight children. On June 6, 1693, Hepzibah and two of her children were tomahawked by Indians and the family was broken up. Hepzibah was taken prisoner when the town of Deerfield was sacked in 1704 and was killed on the march to Canada.
McCracken Albert Welles says hepzibah's death occurred in March 1704; Stiles has 29 Feb. 1704, which, if right, would have to be 29 Feb. 1703/4. mrs Parsons agrees with Stiles and syas that Hepzibah was captured by the Indians and was taken captive, dying on the journey to Canada. The late Dr. Robert R. Buell, however, informed me that Hepzibah died in 1734, having survived her second husband. This would be, of course, quite impossible if he married, third, Sarah (Hawks) mattoon on some unknown date, and the date of Sarah's death recorded at Hadley is right.
7 vi. Sarah Buell(1724) was born in Windsor, CT March 21, 1653 or 1654. Living 11 June 1676 when she contributed a silver shilling to the war sufferers; not living 29 Aug. 1684 when mentioned, but obviously then dead, in the will of her mother. Albert Welles wrongly says she d. unm., in 1734. She d. unm. but fifty years before that and it was her sister Hepzibah who d. 1734.
8 vii. Abigail Buell(1725) was born in Windsor, CT February 12, 1655/6. Died certainly before the date of her mother's will (29 Aug. 1684), an dpossibly even before that of her father's will (26 July 1681), as he does not mention any living daughter except mary. Albert Welles says she d. 16 Nov. 1681, which is the date of her father's death, and Mr. Starr was unable to find any record of such a date in connection with her.
ANCESTRY.COM 30 Jul 2000
Database: Connecticut Puritan Settlers, 1633-1845
First Sttlers of the Colony. Buell, William, 1640, after some years went to Litchfield county.
Appendix, Containing Additions and Corrections. Buell, William, (in No. 1,) married in 1640, and had children, Samuel, Peter, Mary, Hannah, Hepzibah, Sarah and Abigail. His son Samuel, settled in Killingworth, and had a son Samuel. Peter, of Simsbury, in '86, was chosen sergeant of the train-band, in Simsbury, and was orderly proclaimed by the chief military officer there, sergeant of the train-band by 23 votes. He was also, in '87, voted 20s. for his deputyship and expenses. In Simsbury, the deacons published all persons for marriage, as late as 1786. Widow Mary Buell, of Windsor, died in 1684. Children, Mary Mills, Hannah Palmer, Hepzibah Wells, and Hannah--grand children, Mary and Sarah Palmer. Thomas Buell and Edward Stebbins were ordered to take the charge and management of the estate of Mr. Hopkins, deceased, in '61. In '62 Samuel Buell married Deborah Griswold, and in '63 had a son Samuel. John Buell, moved from Windsor to Killingworth, with his father--then to Lebanon, and afterwards to Litchfield--and not William, as in No. 1.
A DIGEST OF THE EARLY CONNECTICUT PROBATE RECORDS.
1677 to 1687.
Page 72-73 Name: William Bewell (Buell) Location: Windsor
Died 16 November, 1681. Invt. œ147-12-10. Taken 30 November, 1681, by John Loomys sen., John Moore. Will dated 26 July, 1681.
I William Buell do give to my son Samuel the house and halfe the Homelott, with all the Land, purchased of William Thrall; & to my son Peter halfe the Home lott on the North side, & all the Meadow & the Wood Land that was my owne by guift of the Towne. My Tooles to be equally divided betwixt Samuel & Peter. My son Samuel is to pay out œ11, & Peter œ6, & this, with the rest of my Goods, to be equally divided between my daughters, only my daughter Mary to have œ5 more than either of the others. These two parcells of Land, one by the Gravell hill, the other by the Mill brooke, which I leave to my wife's disposeing If she out lives me, & she is to enjoy all this as long as she lives.
Witness: Nathaniel Gillett, Timothy Phelps. Job Drake, son of John Drake, James Hillier.
William X Buell.
Mrs. Mary Bewell, the widdow & relict of Wm. Bewell, Decd., Exhibited Invt. 6th March, 1681-2, before Benjamin Newbery, Commissioner.
6 March, 1681-2: It is mutually agreed By Samuel & peter Bewell, as a final Issue betwixt them, respecting their father's will, as followeth: That all the houseing shall be equally divided betwixt them by an indifferent estimation. Also that peter shall have Liberty to choose which end of the house he will have, both Samuel & peter being bound to give or take according to the estimation that shall then be set upon it. Allso that Peter shall have halfe the Home Lott as it Lyeth on the Northerly side & as expressed in the will, wth the addition of the southerly or other part of the swamp or meadow Lying by the Riverett, which is to extend from the River to the Middle of the Hill or falling ground betwixt the meadow & upland, as allso that all the woodlands & boggy meadow shall be settled upon both of them according to their father's will, which was presented in Court. Farther, we doe allso agree that the Land Lying in the great meadow shall be equally divided betwixt us both. The aforesaid parcells of Land we agree shall be & remayne to us, our heirs & successors, with all the privaleges thereto belonging; & farther we doe agree that whatsoever of Legacy shall be due by our Father's will, it shall be discharged or payd equally betwixt us; & allso that the Tooles our Father Left us shall be divided according to his will written. For the true performance of what is above written we doe mutually set to our hands.
Samuel Bewell, Peter Buell.
Witness: Nathan Gillett, George Griswold.
Ancestral File Ver 4.11 3GLM-DL.
William married Mary POST, daughter of William POST and Mary, on 18 Nov 1640 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. (Mary POST was born about 1616-1619 in Chesterton, Huntingdonshire, England and died 1-2 Sep 1684 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)