William De BRAOSE 1
- Born: 1204, Brecknock, Surrey, England
- Christened: Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales
- Married (1): 2 May 1230, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
- Married (2): Bef 2 May 1230
- Died: 2 May 1230, , , Wales
Ancestral File Number: 84ZT-2B. User ID: 9454866.
Not Married Joan Gifford England Princess of Wales.
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Dafydd ap Llywelyn Prince of Wales 1240-1246, Mar Isabella Daughter of William De Braose."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch XX, p414:
 "Even the greatest barons were subjected to arbitrary acts of power of the same kind. On the slightest occasion of suspicion the king demanded their sons or other relatives, or their vassals, as hostages, a measure which had beenin occasional use before, but which John carried to an extreme...The case of William de Braose is that most commonly cited. He had been a devoted supporter of John and had performed many valuable services in his interest, especially at the timeof the coronation. For these he had received many marks of royal favour, and was rapidly becoming both in property and in family alliances one of hte greatest barons of the land. About the time of the proclamation of the interdict a change took place in his fortunes. For some reason he lost the favour of the king and fell instead under his active enmity. According to a formal statement of hte case, which John thought well to put forth afterwards, he had failed to pay large sums which he had promised in returm for the grants that had been made him; and the records support the accusation. According to Roger of Wendove the king had a personal cause of anger. On a demand of hostages from husband, the wife of William had rashly declared to the officers that her sons should never be delivered to the king because he had basely murdered his nephew Arthur, whom he was under obligation to guard honourably, and it is impossible to believe that it was merely delay in paying money that excited the fierce persecution that followed. William with his family took refuge in Ireland, where he was received by William Marshal and the Lacies, but John pursued him thither, and he was again obliged to fly. His wife and son,attempting to escape to Scotland, were seized in Galloway by a local baron and delivered to John, who caused them to be starved to death in prison."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, 1949, Doubleday & Co, p209:
"The sequel to this is one of the grimmest stories in history. Maud de Braose and her eldest son William were captured while trying to leave Ireland for the Scottish coast and were brought to the King. He had them thrown intoa single cell in the keep at Windsor with a sheaf of wheat and a flitch of uncooked bacon. The door of the cell was closed upon them.
"John seems to have been a believer in the starvation method of getting rid of prisoners. He had employed it with the unfortunate knights captured at Mirabeau, he was to use it on later occasions, but there was something peculiarly repellent in his treatment of the wife and son to the man he now hated so thoroughly.
"After eleven days had passed the cell was opened. The two occupants were found dead, each lying in a propped-up position against the wall. It was apparent that the son had succumbed first, for one of his cheeks had been gnawed..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain, 1951, Doubleday & Co, p114:
"William the Marshal left five sons, the first, named after his father, succeeding to the earldoms of Pembroke and Striguil and the hereditary post of marshal of England. At no other period of English history has one family possessed as much power and wealth as the Marshals at this juncture. In addition to their enormous estates in England and Wales, they owned all the possessions in Ireland which Strongbow had accumulated, nearly all of Leinster, and, by virture of a rather extraordinary arrangement made with Philip Augustus when he was King of France, they retained their Norman estates at Longueville, Orbec, and elsewhere.
"There was an equal number of daughters, Matilda, Isabella, Sibilla, Eva, and Joanna, handsome and high-spirited girls who had married representatives of other powerful families, Bigod, Warenne, Clare, Derby, Braose, Warin, Valence."
p304: "Of less exalted rank was the fourth fair lady to take a prominent part in events. She was wife of Roger de Mortimer, the quarrelsome, avaricious, and generally disagreeable lord of Wigmore who had been the most active enemy of Simon de Montfort in the West.Born Maud de Braose, she had been a great catch, for the Braose holdings to which she had succeeded comprised a large part of Breconshire and a share as well in the immense Marshal inheritance. Her father was the gallant but unfortunate William de Braose who had been detected in an illicit relationship with Joanna, the wife of Llwewlyn (and illegitimate daughter of John of England) and had been publicly hanged by the Welsh leader. This would make her a granddaughter of the unhappy Maude de Braose who was starved to death by John in a cell at Corfe Castle..."
The Political History of England 1216-1377, Vol III, T F Tout, 1905, AMS Press, p37: "...In 1230 Llewelyn [ap Iorwerth] inflicted another slight upon his overlord. William de Braose long remained the Welsh prince's captive, and only purchased his liberty by agreeing to wed his daughter to Llewelyn's son, and surrendering Builth as her marriage portion. The captive had employed his leisure in winning the love of Llewelyn's wife, Joan, Henry's half-sister. At Easter, Llewelyn took a drastic revenge on the adulterer. He seized William in his own castle at Builth, and on May 2 hanged him on a tree in open day in the presence of 800 witnesses. Finding that neither the king nor the marchers moved a finger to avenge the outrage done to sister and comrade, Llewelyn took the aggressive in regions which had hitherto been comparatively exempt from his assaults..."
William succeeded his father as Lord of Abergavenny, Builth and other
Marcher Lordships in1227. Styled by the Welsh as "Black William" he was
imprisoned by Llewelyn ap Iorwerth in 1229 during Hubert de Burgh's
disastrous Kerry (Ceri) campaign. He was ransomed and released after a
short captivity during which he agreed to cede Builth as a marriage
portion for his daughter Isabella on her betrothal to David, son and heir
of Llewelyn. The following Easter, Llewelyn discovered an intrigue
between his wife, Joan, and William. Supported by a general clamour for
his death, Llewelyn had William publicly hanged on 2nd May 1230.
Ancestral File Ver 4.11 84ZT-2B Born 1204 Brecknock Surrey England Died 2 May 1230 Wales.
Ancestral File v4.19 84ZT-2B: Born Brenock Surrey England.
Ancestral File Ver 4.13 FLGW-KR Born ?Abt 1084 Gower Glamorganshire Wales Died 2 May 1230.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Birth 7221330-25-820474 Eleanor DE BRAOSE Father William DE BRAOSE Mother Eva MARSHALL 1230 Brecon Wales.
William married Eva MARSHAL, daughter of Earl William Marshall PEMBROKE, Sr and Countess Isabel De Clare PEMBROKE, on 2 May 1230 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. (Eva MARSHAL was born about 1194 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, christened in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales and died before 1246 in , , England.)
William also married Princess Joan England WALES, daughter of King John ENGLAND and Agatha De FERRERS, before 2 May 1230. (Princess Joan England WALES was born about 1188 in London, Middlesex, England, died in Feb 1237 in Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales and was buried in Llan-Faes, Dindaethwy, Anglesey, Wales.)