King Alfonso III ASTURIAS
- Born: Abt 838, , Asturias, Spain
- Died: 20 Dec 910, Zamora, Leon, Spain
Another name for Alfonso was ASTURIAS King.
User ID: 9681793184.
King of ASTURIAS.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol I, p232, Alfonso III the Great: "Born Abt 838, Died 20 Dec 910 Samora Spain, King of Asturias from 866. When political troubles arose in Cordoba after the death of the emir Muhammad I in 886, Alfonso took the offensive against the Moors and extended the borders of his kingdom as far south as the Duero River and as far east as Osma. He also founded the city of Burgos in what had previously been Moorish territory and supported the development of the cult of St James the apostle at Santiago de Compostela. His reign was marked by considerable development of neo-Visigothic traditionalism, whcih claimed that the rulers of Asturias were direct descendants of the ancient Toledan royal line and stressed their duty to proceed to the early and complete reconquest of Spain; this tradition was reflected in two contemporary chronicles, `Chronica Visigothorum' and `Chronica Albeldense'. After Alfonso died, the throne of Asturias was occupied successively by this three sons, Garcia I, Ordono II, and Fruela II."
Macropaedia, Vol XVII, p407, Spain History of: "...A breakdown of effective government in Muslim Spain in the late 9th century enabled Alfonso III (866- 911) to cross enemy frontiers at will in search of plunder and to capture important places, notably Porto. Alfonso also began the process of colonizing the lands stretching southward to the Duero that had been depopulated for so long. On his eastern border, he erected many castles as protection against Muslim attacks, thus giving the area its name, Castile, and its distinctive character. The first extant Christian chronicles of the Reconquista were compiled during this period and sought to establish an essential continuity between the Visigothic and Asturian kingdoms. The Asturians saw themselves as the legitimate heirs of Visigothic power and tradition and consciously assumed responsibility for the reconquest of Muslim Spain..."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p64, Alfonso III: "`The Great', Born Abt 838, Died Abt 911, Spanish king of Asturias (866-Abt 911). He recovered the territory of Leon from the Moors. The kingdom was consolidated in his reign, but after his forced abdication,it was divided among his sons."