Queen Matilda Edith Scotland ENGLAND
- Born: Abt 1079-1080, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
- Married: 11 Nov 1100, Abbey, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England
- Died: 1 May 1118, Abbey, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England
- Buried: Jun 1118, Church, St Peter, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Other names for Matilda were SCOTLAND Princess, ENGLAND Queen, "Atheling", "Good Queen Mold", Margaret and Maud.
Ancestral File Number: 9T9R-JV. User ID: 75638979.
"Atheling", "Good Queen Mold", Princess of SCOTLAND, Queen of ENGLAND 1100-
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, GenealogicalChart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Matilda (Eadgyth) Mar Henry I of England."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, p120:
"The question most easily settled was that ofHenry's marriage. According to the historians of his reign, affection led Henry to a marriage which was certainly most directly in line with the policy which he was carrying out. Soon after his coronation, he proposed to marry Edith, daughterof Malcolm, king of Scotland, and of Margaret, sister of the atheling Edgar. She had spent almost the whole of her life in English monasteries, a good part of it at Romsey, where her aunt Christina was abbess. Immediately the question was raised, whether she had not herself taken the veil, which she was known to have worn, and therefore whether the marriage was possible. This was the question now referred to Anselm, and he made a most careful examination of the case, and decision wasfinally pronounced in a council of the English Church. The testimony of the young woman herself was admitted and was conclusive against any binding vow. She had been forced by her aunt to wear the veil against her will as a means of protectionin those turbulent times, but she had always rejected it with indignation when she had been able to do so, nor had it been her father's intention that she should be a nun. Independent testimony confirmed her assertion, and it was formally declared that she was free to marry. The marriage took place on November 11, and was celebrated by Anselm, who also crowned the new queen under the Norman name of Matilda, which she assumed.
"No act which Henry could perform would be more pleasing to the nation as a whole than this marriage, or would seem to them clearer proof of his intention to rule in the interest of the whole nation and not of himself alone, or of the small body of foreign oppressors. It would seem like the expression of a wish on Henry's part to unite his line with that of the old English kings, and to reign as their representative as well as his father's, and it was so understood, both by the party opposed to Henry and by his own supporters. Whatever we may think of the dying prophecy attributed to Edward the Confessor, that the troubles which he foresaw for England should end when the green tree- the English dynasty- cut off from its root and removed for the space of three acres' breadth- three foreign reigns- should without human help be joined to it again and bring forth leaves and fruit, the fact that it was thought, in Henry's reign to have been fulfilled by his marriage with Matilda and by the birth of their children, shows plainly enough the general feeling regarding the marriage and that for which it stood. The Norman sneer, in which the king and his wife are referred to as Godric and Godgifu, is as plain an indication of the feeling of that party. Such a taunt as this could not have been called out by the mere marriage, and would never have been spoken if the policy of the king, in spite of the marriage, had been one in sympathy with the wishes of the extreme Norman element."
p151:  "...Just before the death of Anselm occurred that of Fulk Rechin, Count of Anjou, and the succession of his son Fulk V. He was married to the heiress of Maine, and a year later this inheritance, the overlordship of which the Norman dukes had so long claimed, fell in to him. Of Henry's marriage with Matilda two children had been born who survived infancy- Matilda, the future empress, early in 1102, and William in the late summer or early autumn of 1103. The queen herself, who had for atime accompanied the movements of her husband, now resided mostly at Westminster, where she gained the fame of liberality to foreign artists and of devotion to pious works."
p166:  "...This was a year of misfortunes for [Henry I]...In the spring of this year Queen Matilda died, praised by the monastic chroniclers to the last for her good deeds. A month later Henry's wisest counsellor, Robert of Meulan, died also after a long life spent in the service of the Conqueror and of his sons..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Cos- tain, 1964, Doubleday & Co, p152:
"On June 18 of that year  a healthy male child was born at Westminster...As soon as a loud clangor of bells conveyed the intelligence that the child was a boy, the city was illuminated and the streets filled with excited people. Already the descent of the royal infant had been traced back from Matilda, the Saxon wife of Henry I; to Margaret, hermother, who had been Queen of Scotland; to Edward the Exile, Edmund Ironsides, Ethelred, Edgar, Edward, Alfred. There it was to con, to talk over, the proof of descent from Alfred the Great, Alfred of glorious memory! For the first time in manyyears Henry [III] had succeeded in making his people happy. For days later the child was baptized and given the name of Edward, which again delighted the people because it was so completely English..."
p177: "They found that great pile ofmasonry which frowns down on the Scottish capital and which is sometimes called the Castle of Damsels to be as Margaret had said in her letters, `a sad and solitary place.' She existed in a few cheerless rooms with a small group of stern and disapproving servants...All she could see from her chamber window in the tower was a patch of sky above the castle walls and, across the enclosure, the little chapel called St. Margaret's after that fine queen who had been the mother of Good Queen Mold, Henry I's Saxon bride..."
The Oxford Book of Royal Anecdotes, Elizabeth Longford, 1991, Oxford Univ Press, pxix: "Saxons and Danes Genealogy: Edith Matilda mar Henry I, died 1118."
The Lives of the Kings and Queens of England, Antonia Fraser, 1975, Alfred Knopf, p24: "Edith (Matilda) 1079-1118..."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Christianity, Ch XXV, The Recovery of Europe, Sec VIII, England, p669: "[Henry I] himself had many illegitimate sons and daughters by various mistresses, but he had the grace and widsom to marry Maud, scion of both the Scottish and pre-Norman English kings, thereby bringing old royal blood into the new royal line."
The New ColumbiaEncyclopedia, 1975, p1672, Malcolm III: "...Malcolm's daughter Edith (renamed Matilda) married Henry I of England..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica 1981 Micropaedia Vol IV p1022 Henry I of England: "...He was married first to Matilda, a Scottish princess, and then to Adelaide of Louvain."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol II, p397, David I: "[David] spent much of his early life at the court of King Henry I of England (ruled 1100-1135), his brother-in-law by virtue of marriage to his sister Edith of Scotland (who took the name of Matilda)..."
Edith-Margaret (Matilda) of Scotland, born in 1080 and died in 1118,
married Henry I. Beauclerc, King of England, son of William I The
Conqueror (ruler from 1066 to 1087) and his wife, Matilda of Flanders,
who died in 1083.
Matilda was educated at Wilton and Romsey Abbey where she said that her
aunt, Christina, forced her to wear a black veil. She threw it on the
ground whenever left alone, in spite of beatings.
When her mother died she came to England to Edgar Atheling, her uncle.
She was a sister of King David of Scotland; she was a correspondent of
Anselm and Hildebert, Bishop of Le Mans, who wrote poetry about her. She
was a symbol of the union of Saxon and Norman.
She was Henry's Queen for seventeen years and six months, and died in her
prime like most of her family.
("The Genealogy of Homer Beers James", V1, JANDA Consultants, © 1993
World Ancestral Chart No. 31759 Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760.
World Ancestral Chart No. 125360 Ancestors of Patricia Ann Kieffer.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 Matilda or Maud 9T9R-JV, and Edith and Matilda EB and TPHE, Princess of SCOTLAND, TMC Good Queen Mold.
Matilda married King Henry ENGLAND, I, son of King William Normandy ENGLAND, I and Queen Matilda Flanders ENGLAND, on 11 Nov 1100 in Abbey, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England. (King Henry ENGLAND, I was born about 1068-1070 in Selby, Yorkshire, England, christened on 5 Aug 1100 in , Selby, Yorkshire, England, died on 1 Dec 1135 in Lyons-La-Foret, Seine-St Denis, Normandy, France and was buried on 4 Jan 1136 in Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England.)