Duke Henry Guelf SAXONY, V
- Married: 1 Feb 1168, St Peter, Domkirche, Minden, Germany
- Died: 1195
Other names for Henry were Heinrich, SAXONY Duke, BAVARIA Duke and "The Lion".
Ancestral File Number: 8WKQ-13.
Duke of SAXONY, Duke of BAVARIA, "The Lion".
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Matilda, Mar (2) Henry V The Lion Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Died 1195."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch XIII, p291:
"...Henry crossed to Normandy in the spirng of 1165, where an embassy came to him from the Emperor which resulted in the marriage of his daughter Matilda with Henry the Lion of the house of Guelf.Two clerks who returned with this embassy to Germany seem to have involved the king in some embarrassment by promises of some kind to support the emperor against the pope..."
Ch XV, p328:
 "About the same time an embassy appeared in England from the Norman court of Sicily ot arrange for a marriage between William II of that kingdom and Henry's youngest daughter, Joanna. The marriages of each of Henry's daughters had some influence on the history of England before the death of his youngest son. His eldest daughter Matilda had been married in 1168 to Henry the Lion, head of the house of Guelf in Germany, and his second daughter, Eleanor to Aophonso III of Castile, in 1169 or 1170..."
p333: [Henry's] family interests, possibly also his prestige on the continent, had suffered to some extent inthe complete overthrow and exile of his son-in-law Henry the Lion by the Emperor Frederick I, which had occurred in January, 1180, a few weeks before the marriage of Philip II, though as yet the Emperor had not been able to enforce the decision of the diet against the powerful duke. Henry of England would have been glad to aid his son-in-law with a strong force against the designs of Frederick, which threatened the revival of the imperial power and might be dangerous to all the sovereigns of the west if they succeeded, but he found himself between somewhat conflicting interests and unable to declare himself with decision for eitherwithout the risk of sacrificing the other..."
p340:  "...The Christmas feast of the year saw another family gathering more complete than usual, for not merely were Richard and John present, but the Duke and Duchess of Saxony, stillin exile, with their children, including the infant William, who had been born at Winchester the previous summer, and whose direct descendants were long afterwards to come to the throne of his grandfather with the accession of the house of Hanover. Even Queen Eleanor was present at this festival, for she had been released for a time at the request of her daughter Matilda..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, 1949, Doubleday & Co, p46: "A daughter was born next. She was named Matilda, inevitably, and in course of time she was married to Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony. This fine knight had been given his nickname because of his amazing personal bravery and strength, but he seemed to lack political sense. At any rate he set himself up against his cousin Frederick Barbarossa, the Holy Roman Emperor, and twice that great juggernaut rolled him right out of his cominions. This made it necessary for him to seek refuge in England with his young consort and their growing brood of children. Finally, after Matilda had shared many vicissitudes, the Lion agreed to settle down in Brunswick and give up any attempts at ruling. Matilda was a second wife, but she seemsto have been happy with her unruly spouse and brought five sons and a daughter into the world."
The Lives of the Kings and Queens of England, Antonia Fraser, 1975, Alfred Knopf, p25: "Matilda 1156-89 mar Henry Duke of Saxony died 1195..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8WKQ-13.
Henry married Duchess Matilda England SAXONY, daughter of King Henry ENGLAND, II and Queen Eleanor Aquitaine ENGLAND, on 1 Feb 1168 in St Peter, Domkirche, Minden, Germany. (Duchess Matilda England SAXONY was born in 1156 in London, Middlesex, England, christened in Aldgate, London, Middlesex, England, died on 28 Jun 1189 in , Brunswick, Germany and was buried in St Blasius, Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.)