Queen Joan England SCOTLAND
- Born: 22 Jul 1210, Coucy, Alsne, Normandy, France
- Married: 19 Jun 1221, York, Yorkshire, England
- Died: 4 Mar 1237-1238, London, Middlesex, England
- Buried: Tarrant Keynstan, Dorsetshire, England
Other names for Joan were SCOTLAND Queen, Joane, Joanna and "Makepeace".
Ancestral File Number: 8XJ6-1T.
"Makepeace", Queen of SCOTLAND.
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Alexander II King of Scotland 1214-1249, Mar =1 Joan Daughter of John King of England, =2 Marie Daughter of Enguerrand III Baron De Coucy, Died 1238."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, 1949, Doubleday & Co, p248:
"...Three daughters were then born in rather quick succession, the eldest being christened Joan. This little princess was promptly betrothed to Isabella's jilted lover, Hugh of Lusignan! The match never came to any thing for a very unusual rason which will be explained in its proper place. Joan who was beautiful and angelic in character, was married instead at the tender age of eleven to King Alexander of Scotland to patch up a quarrel with that monarch. Because of this the lovely little Queen was called thereafter Joan Makepeace."
A History of The Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain, 1951, Doubleday & Co, p46:
"...The little princess had not been returned to England, and this provided the pair with a weapon. They announced they would not let her go until the Council relented and handed back the castles which had been the Queen's dower right and the fat and fruitful lands which had gone with them...It happened that, on finding the princess had been freed from her troth the Council had started negotiations to five her as wife to King Alexander, the Red Fox of Scotland, and thereby cement the peace between the two countries. Joanna not being available, the Council wanted to substitute the tiny Princess Eleanor. Alexander would have none but the oldest daughter of the royal line, and so the Council was compelled, most reluctantly, to come to terms...
"To cast ahead, Joanna was married to Alexander at York in the year 1221. The little Queen won the affections of the Scottish people, who called her Joan Makepeace because her coming had brought about a cessation of hostilities between the two countries. She died in her twenty-eighth year and was deeply mourned by her husband and people."
Eleanor of Aquitaine the Mother Queen, Desmond Seward, 1978, Dorset Press, p231: "[Eleanor's] grand-daughters sat on the thrones of France, Portugal, and and Scotland, and an illegitimate one was princess of Wales..."
p232: "Eleanor's Family by Henry II: Joan Daughter of Isabella of Angouleme and and John King of ENGLAND.
Political History of England 1216-1377, Vol III, T F Tout, AMS Press, 1905, p23: "...Powerful husbands were sought for the king's three sisters. On June 19, 1221, Joan, Henry's second sister, was married to the young Alexander of Scotland, at York..."
p67: "...The king's difficulties were increased by fresh troubles in Scotland and Wales. The friendship between Henry and his brother-in-law, Alexander II, was weakened by the death of the Queen of Scots and by Alexander's marriage to a French lady in 1239..."
The Lives of the Kings and Queens of England, ed Antonia Fraser, 1975, Alfred A Knopf, p25: "Joan 1210-38..."
The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain, 1951, Popular Library, p20: "Joanna, Born 1210, Died 1238, Married Alexander II of SCOTLAND..."
TPHE and LKQE Joan, Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8XJ6-1T Joane, TMC Joanna.
Joan married King Alexander SCOTLAND, II, son of King William SCOTLAND, I and Queen Ermengarde De Beaumont SCOTLAND, on 19 Jun 1221 in York, Yorkshire, England. (King Alexander SCOTLAND, II was born on 24 Aug 1198 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland and died on 8 Jul 1249 in Kerrera Island, Argyll, Scotland.)