King Saint Ferdinand CASTILE & LEON, III 1
- Born: Bet 5 - 19 Aug 1201, Leon, Leon, Spain
- Christened: 19 Aug 1201
- Married (1): Bef 1228
- Married (2): 1237, , Castile, Spain
- Died: 30 May 1252, Seville, Seville, Spain
- Buried: Seville, Seville, Spain
Other names for Saint were "The Saint", Ferdinand Saint, LEON King, CASTILE King and Fernando.
Ancestral File Number: 8XPV-3G. User ID: 4727438.
King of CASTILE Reigned 1217-1252, King of LEON Reigned 1230-1252, SAINT
Ferdinand Canonized 1671.
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p95: "446R St Ferdinand, King Spain, (Parents not known, F of 454); married Joana, Countess of Ponthieu; desendant of Sancho III, of Navarre, Emperor of Spain in 1000."
Kings and Queens of Europe, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1989: "Fernando III, Son of Alfonso IX King of Leon and Berenguela of Aragon, King of Castilla 1217-1252, King of Leon 1230-1252, Mar =1 Beatrix Daughter of Philipp of Schwaben, =2 Jeanne of Aumale & Ponthieu, Died 1252."
Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988, Studio Editions, Castile 1217: "Ferdinand III, King of Castile 1217-1252, 35 years..."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Christianity, Ch XXV, The Recovery of Europe, Sec XII, Spain, p697: "Fernando III (1217-1252) reunited Leonand Castile, pushed the Catholic frontier to Granada, made Seville his capital, the great mosque his cathedral, the Alcazar his residence; the Church considered him a bastard at his birth, and made him a saint after his death..."
EncyclopaediaBritannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol IV, p98, Ferdinand III the Saint: "Born Abt 1201, Died 1252, King of Castile form 1217 to 1252, King of Leon from 1230 to 1252, son of Alfonso IX of Leon, and Berenguela daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile. To made good his claim to the Catilian throne, Ferdin- and had to make war on his father, who was supported by some of the Castilian nobles. In 1230, after his father's death, he found himself debarred by the latter's testament from inheriting Leon. By the pact of Benavente in 1230 this provision was set aside and Leon and Castile were permanently united under Ferdinand.
"Ferdinand was a religious zealot and, perhaps urged on by his first wife, Beatrice of Swabia, he set about destroying Moorish rule in Andalusia with a vigour and a crusading zeal that were new in Spanish Christian relations with the Moors. From 1224, taking advantage of the political disintegration of the Almohads in the south, he began a series of campaigns that led to the permanent conquest of most of the cities of Andalusia, including Cordoba in 1236, Jaen in 1246, and Seville, the Andalusian capital, which fell in 1248 after a year's siege. He also occupied the kingdom of Murcia while James I of Aragon was busy conquering Valencia and so secured a Castilian outlet to the Mediterranean. Only the Muslim kingdom of Granada survived the Christian occupation Andalusia, but as a vassal state of Castile. A new feature of Ferdinand'sgreat conquests was that he defeated Moorish inhabitants were expelled from their former homes by the Christian conquerors with disastrous and permanent results to the econo- my of Andalusia and to that of Castile as well. For his remarkable achievement, which virtually completed the long-delayed reconquest of Spain, Ferdinand was canonized in 1671. In 1237 he married again; his second wife was Joan of Pon- thieu. Their daughter Eleanor married the future Edward I of England in 1254."
World Ancestral Chart No. 31759 Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8XPV-3G Ferdinand III King of CASTILE Born 1191/1198.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Birth T990361-151-0884798 Leonor Princess of CASTILE Father Ferdinand III King of CASTILE Mother Jeanne Countess of PONTHIEU 1244 Burgos Burgos Spain.
Saint married Princess Beatrice SWABIA, daughter of Philipp SCHWABEN, before 1228.
Saint also married Countess Joanna Dammartin PONTHIEU, daughter of Count Simon DAMMARTIN, II and Countess Marie PONTHIEU, in 1237 in , Castile, Spain. (Countess Joanna Dammartin PONTHIEU was born about 1200-1208 in , Castile, Spain and died in 1279.)